A Study on the Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu and Conducting Social Research with Gypsy / Roma Groups
In social science discourse, the dichotomy between agency and structure tends to dominate debates pertaining to identity construction. When complex social facts are viewed through a simplistic prism of either individual activities or dominant structural impacts is likely to lead to a conclusion, - particularly when the subjects of research are members of communities at risk of vulnerability which are merely two-dimensional; omitting essential elements and interplays of circumstances, agency and structures which can rapidly shift dependent on both personal and external contexts and stressors. In this article, we discuss ways of utilising Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical model to explore the potential for creating a more nuanced theory of identity construction in the context of case studies focused on Gypsy/Roma(ni) people, whose identities depend both on internal identifications and those of the (dominant) groups with whom they live. We also aim to consider how in two widely contrasting international contexts – that of Roma people in Turkey and Gypsy/Traveller communities in the UK – use of Bourdieuian analysis provides appropriate tools that enable an analysis of daily living and the associated sense of active agency of these populations without minimising or excluding the structural effects which impact them. This approach enables a nuanced relational approach to understanding Gypsy/Roma(ni) groups’ identity construction in its entirety, whilst taking account of the specific geographical context in which the populations reside.
Althusser, L. (1971). Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. (Trans. Ben Brewster). New York: Monthly Review-Press.
Appelbaum, D. M. (2011). The Roothless Roma: The benefits of nationalism, as illustrated by its absence. The American Interest. 6 (4) http://www.the-american-interest.com/2011/03/01/the-rootless-roma/ (accessed 20/09/2016).
Archer, M. (2010). Critical Realism and Relational Sociology. Complementarity and Synergy. Journal of Critical Realism. 9 (2):199-207.
Birkett, (2015). Relational agency: Relational sociology, agency and interaction. European Journal of Social Theory (pre-print online publication 30th June, 2015) available at: http://est.sagepub.com/content/19/3/322 (accessed 1/7/16).
Bourdieu, P. (1977) Outline of theory of practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. London: Routledge.
Bourdieu, P. (1986). The Forms of Capital. In: Richardson, J. G. (ed.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. New York/Westport/London, pp. 241-258.
Bourdieu, P. (1989). Social Space and Symbolic Power. Sociological Theory 4:14-25.
Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language and Symbolic Power. (Ed. John B. Thompson) Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Bourdieu, P. and Wacquant, L.J.D. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2010). Sosyal sınıfı sınıf yapan nedir? (Çev. E. Göker) https://istifhane.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/sinifiyapannedir.pdf (Erişim 04.04.2015).
Çağan, O. and Özay S. (2010). Doğu Batı Ekseninde Medyada Hegemonya ve Sessizlerin Söz Hakkı: Al Jazeera English Örneği. Birinci Uluslararası Felsefe Kongresi: Eşitlik, Özgürlük ve Kardeşlik. Bursa: Asa. 702-714.
Chiesa, F and Rossi, E. (2013). Contested Identities and Spatial Marginalization: The Case of Roma and Gypsy-Travelers in Wales. In: Space and Pluralism. S. Moroni & D. Weberman, eds. Budapest: Central European University Press.
Donati, P. (2012). Relational Sociology: A New Paradigm for the Social Sciences Abingdon: Routledge.
European Roma Rights Centre (2014). Roma Rights 2013: National Roma Integration Strategies: What Next? What Future for the EU Framework? What Prospects for Roma Inclusion? Budapest: ERRC available at: http://www.errc.org/article/roma-rights-2013-national-roma-integration-strategies-what-next/4238/2 (accessed 13/6/16).
Gezgin, E. (2016). Damgalanan Mekanda Yaşam: Bir Kentin Ötekisi Olmak. Ankara: Phoenix.
Gheorghe, N. (1997). The social construction of Romani identity. In: Acton, T., (ed), Gypsy politics and Traveller identity. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press. pp.153-162.
Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Goffman, E. (1974). Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. New York: Harper and Row.
Green, M. (2011). Rethinking the Subaltern and the Question of Censorship in Gramsci's Prison Notebook. Postcolonial Studies. 14 (4): 385-402.
Guy, W. (2012). Roma Inclusion at the Crossroads: Can the Lessons from PHARE be Learned? In Roma Rights 2011: Funding Roma Rights: Challenges and Prospects 5th, October, 2012 available at: http://www.errc.org/article/roma-rights-2011-funding-roma-rights-challenges-and-prospects/4062/1 (accessed 3/7/2015).
Habermas, J. (1972). Knowledge and Human Interests London: Heinemann.
Harvey, L. (1990). Critical Social Research. London: Unwin Hyman.
Maton, K. (2003). Reflexivity, Relationism & Research: Pierre Bourdieu and the Epistemic Conditions of Social Scientific Knowledge. Space & Culture. Volume: 6. No: 1. Sage Publications. p. 52-65.
Matras, Y (2014). I Met Lucky People. London: Allen Lane
Nagel, J. (1994). Constructing Ethnicity: Creating and Recreating Ethnic Identity and Culture. Social Problems. 41 (1) 152-176.
Navarro, Z. (2006). In Search of Cultural Intepretation of Power. IDS Bulletin 37(6): 11-22.
Nord, W. (2005). Book Review Essay: Understanding Bourdieu’s Contribution to Organization and Management Studies. Academy of Management Review. 30 (4). 855–877.
O’Hanlon, C. (2016). The European Struggle to Educate and Include Roma People: A Critique of Differences in Policy and Practice in Western and Eastern EU Countries. Multidisciplinary Studies in Social Inclusion [online journal] 4 (1).
Okely, J. (2014). Recycled (mis)representations, Gypsies, Travellers and Roma, treated as objects, rarely subjects. People, Place and Policy. 8/1, p. 65-85.
Picker, G., Greenfields, M. and Smith, D. (2015). Colonial refractions: The 'Gypsy camp' as a spatio-racial political technology. City, 19(5): 741-752.
Said, E. (1995). Entellektüel. (Çev. Tuncay Birkan). İstanbul: Ayrıntı Yayınları.
Said, E. (1977). Orientalism. London: Penguin.
Sontag, S. (2002). War and Photography. Human Rights Human Wrongs. Torodov, T. Vd.(Ed. Nicholas Owen). US: Oxford University Press. p.251-274.
Spencer, S. (2014). Race and Ethnicity: Culture, Identity and Representation 2nd ed. Abingdon: Routledge.
Spivak, G. C. (1995). Can Subaltern Speak? The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. (Ed. Bill Ashcroft etc.). US: Routledge.
Swartz, D. (1997). Culture and Power. The Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Taylor, B. (2014). Another Darkness, Another Dawn A History of Gypsies, Roma and Travellers London: Reaktion Books.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2015-2017 Journal of Gypsy Studies / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.