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(In)visible spaces and tactics of transnational engagement: A multi-dimensional approach to the Kurdish diaspora

Bahar Baser, Ann-Catrin Emanuelsson, Mari Toivanen

Abstract


The Kurdish diaspora has been transnationally active and efficient in terms of raising awareness of the plight of the Kurds in Europe and elsewhere. However, there is a clear need to situate the current analysis of the diaspora in the context of rapidly changing political landscapes that includes both local and global power relations conditioning the diaspora’s transnational participation, political mobilisation and action. This special issue contributes to the abundant stream of research by including articles that touch upon various issues regarding Kurdish diasporic behaviour. We hope this will provide new openings for scholars working on the Kurdish diaspora. We present articles from diverse disciplines in social sciences including sociology, anthropology, and political science. This interdisciplinary approach not only enriches the analysis related to Kurdish diaspora mobilisation, but also highlights new perspectives emerging from this initiative.

 

Keywords: Kurdish diaspora; Kurdistan; transnational engagement; political mobilisation; belonging.

Meydanên (ne)diyar û rêbazên çalakvaniya siyasî ya fera-neteweyî: Nirxandineke pir-rehendî li ser diyasporaya kurd

Diyasporaya kurd ji bo bilindkirina asta hişyariya li ser kambaxiya rewşa kurdan li Ewrûpa û li cihine din bi rengekî fera-neteweyî çalak û karîger bûye. Lê belê, pêdiviyeke berçav bi wê yekê heye ku nirxandina heyî ya diyasporayê di nav wê çarçoveya dîmenên siyasî de bi cih bikin ku bi lez diguhere û ku, bi hewandina pêwendiyên hêzê yên mehelî û gerdûnî, şikl û şertên beşdariya diyasporayê ya navneteweyî û tevger û çalakiyên wê yên siyasî diyar dike. Ev jimareya taybet a kovarê, bi rêya belavkirina gotarên li ser rehendên cihê yên diyasporaya kurd, li wê pêla adan a vekolînan zêde dike. Em bi hêvî ne ku rê û deriyên nû veke li vekolerên diyasporaya kurd. Em gotarên ji dîsîplînên cihê yên zanistên civakî pêşkêş dikin, ji wan sosyolojî, antropolojî û zanistên siyasî. Ev boçûna navber-dîsîplînî nirxandina çalakvaniya diyasporayê dewlemendtir dike, lê her wiha rê dide peydabûn û geşedana perspektîvên nû li ser vê meydana lêkolînê.

 

بەشداری سیاسییانەی رادیكاڵ و تاراوگەی ناوخۆیی كورد لە توركیا

ئەم گوتارە شیكردنەوەیەكە لە سەر مۆبایلیزە كردنی سیاسییانەی تاراوگەی ناوخۆیی كورد لە دەرەوەی دەڤەرە كوردییەكان لە توركیا. ئەم لێكۆڵینەوەیە لەو پێشنیازە دەكۆڵێتەوە كە دەلێت، تاراوگە  پشتیوانی لەو ئەكتەرە سیاسییانە دەكات كە زیاتر رادیكاڵن. ئەم گوتارە باس دەکا لە مۆبایلیزە كردن لە لایەن  پ.ك.ك وە لە رۆژاوای توركیا و ئەو شێوانەی کە ئەو ڕێکخراوەیە بە ڕەچاوکردنیان توانیویەتی ناسنامەیەکی بەرفراوانی كۆمەڵی كوردی ببووژێنێتەوە. ئەم لێكۆڵینەوەیە بەر لەوەی تاوتوێی رۆڵی چەوساندنەوە لە لایەن دەوڵەتەوە بکات و سەرنج بداتە هەڵاواردنی ئینتنیکی و پەراوێز خستنی ئابووری-كۆمەڵایەتی لە سەر كۆچبەرە كوردەكانی ئەو ساڵانەی دوایی، شێوازە مێژووییەكانی كۆچ كردنی كورد راڤە دەكا. لە كۆتاییدا، ئەم گوتارە پێشنیار دەكات كە ھۆكاری بە دەستھێنانی ئەو پشتگیریە جەماوەرییەی پ.ك.ك لە ناو كوردی رۆژئاوای توركیا دەگەڕێتەوە بۆئەو ستراتیژییە تایبەتە فەزایی و ئایدیۆلۆژییانەی كە ئەو ڕێکخراوەیە پەیڕەوی كردووە، نەك فاكتەرە بەربڵاوە ژینگەییەکان (contextual).

 


Keywords


Kurdish diaspora; Kurdistan; mobilisation; return migration; sense of belonging

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