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Language shift among Kurds in Turkey: A spatial and demographic analysis

Sinan Zeyneloğlu, Ibrahim Sirkeci, Yaprak Civelek

Abstract


This study explores language shift and interregional migration among Turkey’s Kurdish-origin population using census data as well as TDHS data. First, the geographical retraction of the Kurdish language between 1945 and 1965 is depicted using respective censuses as data sources. Second, patterns of intergenerational language shift and the effects of migration and education on this shift are elaborated utilising 2003 TDHS data and the 2000 Census data. Interregional mobility by birth regions and language concentration across Turkey has also been mapped. The Kurdish population in Turkey appears to be on the verge of near-universal bilingualism prompting concerns about the future of the language.

ABSTRACT IN KURMANJI

Guherîna zimanî di nav kurdan de li Tirkiyeyê: Nirxandineke mekanî û demografîk

Ev xebat, bi rêya tehlîlkirina daneyên serjimêriyê û herwiha daneyên TDHSyê, dikeve pey têgihiştina guherîna zimanî û koçberiya nav-herêmî di nav nufûsa kurd-regez a Tirkiyeyê de. Pêşiyê, bertengbûna coxrafî ya zimanê kurdî di navbera 1945 û 1965an de bi rêya tehlîla daneyan hatiye nîşandan. Paşê, awa û qalibên ziman-guheriya ji nifşekî bo nifşê din û tesîra koçberî û perwerdeyê li ser wê guherînê hatine nirxandin bi rêya bikaranîna daneyên TDHSya 2003yan û serjimêriya 2000an. Herwiha, hereketa mirovan ya ji herêmekê bo herêmeke din li gor herêma wan a jidayikbûnê, û paye û belavbûna zimanan li seranserê Tirkiyeyê hatiye bi nexşekirin. Wisa diyar e ku gelê kurd li Tirkiyeyê li ber duzimaniyeke seranserî ye, ku ev yek fikaran li dor paşeroja zimanî durist dike.

ABSTRACT IN SORANI


Keywords


Language shift; ethnicity; internal migration; Turkey; Kurds

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