Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

What's old is new again: A study of sources in the Šarafnāma of Šaraf Xān Bidlīsī (1005-7/1596-99)

Sacha Alsancakli

Abstract


The Šarafnāma of Šaraf Xān (949-1009/1543-1600), prince of Bidlīs, was composed in 1005-7/1596-99 and is arguably the most important work on Kurdish history. It displays an uninterrupted chain of transmission from its composition to the present time, and nearly two centuries have passed since it was "discovered" and studied by Orientalists. Still, many aspects of the Šarafnāma have yet to be studied, including the work's sources and how they were utilised by Šaraf Xān. This article aims to be a contribution to the study of this particular aspect, through identifying the historians who inspired Šaraf Xān, and providing an analysis of his methodology and approach to the sources.

ABSTRACT IN KURMANJI

Ya kevn di ya nû de dîsa: Lêkolînek li ser Şerefnameya Şeref Xan Bidlîsî (1005-7/1596-99)

Şerefnameya Şeref Xan (949-1009/1543-1600) ê mîrê Bidlîsê di salên 1005-7/1596-99 de hat nivîsandin û li nav berhemên herî hêja yên dîroka kurdî cih digire. Ji dema weşandina wê ta îro, ew bê navber hat kopîkirin; wekî din, nêzî dused sal bi ser “kefşkirina” wê û xebatên “rojhilatnasan” ên li ser wê re buhorîn. Dîsa jî, pêwîstiya gelek aliyên Şerefnameyê bi lêkolînên zêde heye, di nav wan de çavkaniyên berhemê û bikaranîna wan ji hêla Şeref Xan ve. Mebesta vê nivîsarê jî ew e ku li ser vê meseleya taybet lêkolîneke bi feyde pêşkêş bike, ango bikeve hewla diyarkirina dîroknasên ku Şeref Xan ilhama xwe ji wan wergirtiye û, her weha, rêbaza wî û awayê bikaranîna wî ya çavkaniyan tehlîl bike.

ABSTRACT IN SORANI

Kon le nwê da dîsanewe: Lêkollîneweyk le merr Şerefnamey Şeref Xan Bidlîsî (1005-7/1596-99)

Şerefnamey Şeref Xan (949-1009/1543-1600), mîrî Bidlîs, le salanî 1005-7/1596-99 da nûsrawe w yekêk le şiyawtirîn berhemekanî mêjûy kurdîye. Em berheme le demî dananî hetakû êsta be berdewamî nesx kirawe. Nizîkey dused sall be ser “dozînewey” û xebatekanî rojhellatnasan le ser em berhemey têper bûwin, bellam, hêştaş zor layenî Şerefname pêwîste lêkollînewe le ser bikrêt, wekû serçawekanî em berheme w bekarhênanyan le layen Şeref Xanewe. Amancî em wutareş ewe ke le merr em babete lêkollîneweyêkî sûdmend pêşkêş bika, be rêgay destnîşankirdinî mêjûnûsanî ke îlhamyan be Şeref Xan bexşîwe, w be hellsengandinî rêbaz û boçûnî ew sebaret be serçawekan.


Keywords


Kurdish history; Šarafnāma; Safavid historiography; Bidlīs; Kurdistan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, K. M. (1985). ‘Annazids. Encyclopedia Iranica. Consulted online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/annazids-banu-annaz-a-kurdish-dynasty-r, 25 November 2016.

Baluken, Y. (2010). Mervaniler devrinde dini gruplar arasindaki münasebetler. Unpublished MA dissertation, Van university.

Bidlīsī, Š. (1860-62). Scheref-nameh ou Histoire des Kourdes. Ed. V. Veliaminov-Zernov. St. Petersburg: Imperial academy of sciences.

Bidlīsī, Š. (2005). The Sharafnâma, or the history of the Kurdish nation – 1596 – Book One. Trans. and commentaries M. R. Izady. Costa Mesa: Mazda.

Daftary, F. (2004). Ismaili literature. A bibliography of sources and studies. London: I. B. Tauris.

Dānishpāzhuh, M. T. (1366š/1987). Zubdat al-Tawārix. Baxš-i Fāṭimiyān va Nizāriyān. Tehran: Mu'assasa-yi muṭāla‘āt va taḥqīqāt-i farhangī.

Davud, S. A., Nazerian, A. H. Abū al-Qāsim Kāshānī. In Daftary, F., Madelung, W. (eds.) Encyclopedia Islamica. Consulted online at http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-islamica/*-COM_0125, 23 November 2016.

Dehqan, M. (2014). Literary citations in the Sharaf-nāma. Nûbihar Akademî,1/2, 11-32.

Dickson, M. B. (1958). Shâh Tahmâsb and the Uzbeks. The duel for Khurâsân with ‘Ubayd Khân: 930-946/1524-1540. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Princeton university.

Ġaffārī Qazvīnī, Q. A. (1962). Tārīx-i nigāristān. Ed. Murteżā Mudarris Gilānī. Tehran: Ḥāfiẓ.

Ġaffārī Qazvīnī, Q. A. (1964). Tārīx-i jahān-ārā. Ed. Ḥasan Narāqī. Tehran: Hāfiż.

Ghereghlou, K. (2016). Aḥmad Ġaffārī Qazvīnī. Encyclopedia Iranica. Consulted online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ghaffari-qazvini, 24 November 2016.

Glassen, E. (1989). Bedlīsī, Šaraf al-Dīn Khān. Encyclopedia Iranica. Consulted online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/bedlisi-saraf-al-din-khan-b, 26 November 2016.

Hoca Sadeddin Efendi. (1974-79). Tâcü't-tevârih. Ed. İsmet Parmaksızoğlu. Ankara: Kültür bakanlığı.

Humphreys, R. S. (1987). Ayyubids. Encyclopedia Iranica. Consulted online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ayyubids, 25 November 2016.

Melville, C. (2003). Ḥamd-Allāh Mostawfi. Encyclopedia Iranica. Consulted online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/hamd-allah-mostawfi, 25 November 2016.

Melville, C. (ed.) (2012). Persian historiography. In: Yarshater, E. (gen. ed.) A History of Persian literature. London: I. B. Tauris.

Mīrxwand, M. (1959). Tārīx-i rawżat al-ṣafā'. Ed. ‘Abbās Parvīz. Tehran: Xayyām.

Peacock, A. C. S. (2006). Review of Prince Sharaf al-Dîn Bitlîsî, The Sharafnâma, by M. R. Izady. Iranian Studies, 39/4, 600-603.

Qazvīnī, Ḥ. M. (1913). Nuzhat al-Qulūb. Ed. G. Le Strange. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Qomī, Q. A. (1984). Xulaṣat al-tavārīx. Ed. Iḥsān Išrāqī. Tehran: Dānišgāh-i Tehrān.

Quinn, Sh. (1996). The historiography of Safavid Prefaces. In: Melville, C. (ed.) (1996). Safavid Persia: The History and Politics of an Islamic Society. Pembroke Persian Papers 4. London: I. B. Tauris, 1–25.

Quinn, Sh. (2000). Historical writing during the reign of Shah ‘Abbas: Ideology, imitation and legitimacy in Safavid chronicles. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

Quinn, Sh. (2003). Historiography vi. Safavid period. In: Encyclopedia Iranica. Consulted online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/historiography-vi, 23 November 2016.

Rūmlū, Ḥ. (1978). Aḥsan al-tavārīx. Ed. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Navā'ī. Tehran: Babak.

Šīrāzī, ‘A. (1990). Takmilat al-axbār. Ed. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Navā'ī. Tehran: Našr-i Nay.

Woods, J. E. (1999). The Aqquyunlu: Confederation, clan, empire. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

Xwandamīr, Ġ. (1362š/1983-84). Tārīx-i Ḥabīb al-Siyar fī axbār afrād al-bašar. Ed. M. Dabīr-Siyāqī, introduction by J. Homāy. Tehran: Xayyām.

al-Yāfi‘ī, Abū ‘Abdallāh b. As‘ad. (1997). Mirāt al-janān wa ‘ibrāt al-yaqẓān fī ma‘rifat mā yu‘tabar min ḥawādis al-zamān. Ed. Xalīl Manṣūr. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-‘ilmiyyah.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2012-2017 Kurdish Studies / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.