Migration, trade, and development: Comparing Mexico-US and Turkey-Europe

Philip L. Martin

Abstract


Migration was the major relationship between Mexico and the US and Turkey and Western Europe for most of the past half century. Changes in both migrant-sending and –receiving countries aimed to substitute trade for migration. Mexico and Turkey have had roller-coaster economic growth trajectories, sometimes growing faster than other OECD countries and sometimes shrinking faster. There have been significant changes in Mexico and Turkey but, until more formal-sector jobs are created, especially young people leaving agriculture or joining the labour market may be candidates for migration.


Keywords


Migration; trade; development; Mexico; US; Turkey; Europe

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References


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