Evidence-based regulation of labour migration in OECD countries: setting quotas, selection criteria, and shortage lists

Jonathan Chaloff

Abstract


The growing complexity of selection criteria for discretionary labour migration in OECD countries has been accompanied by an expanded demand for labour market analysis and consultation with stakeholders. While some features of general or detailed criteria may be fixed in legislation, numerical quotas or targets, shortage lists, and multiple-criteria points-based systems are generally subject to periodic review and revision based on labour market data and consultation with stakeholders. Official government bodies have maintained co-ordination of this process, with varying degrees of externalization. In most countries expertise is internal, with recourse to external mandated bodies rare. In almost all cases, however, the process is designed to promote consensus around the policy while maintaining political control.


Keywords


Labour migration; migration legislation; policy making

Full Text:

PDF

References


Boswell, C. (2009). The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge: Immigration Policy and Social Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.

Chaloff, J. and G. Lema�tre (2009). “Managing HighlySkilled Labour Migration: A Comparative Analysis of Migration Policies and Challenges in OECD Countries”, OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 79, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/225505346577

[CrossRef]

CIC – Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2010). “Evaluation of the Federal Skilled Worker Program”, Evaluation Division, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Ottawa. www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/research-stats/FSW2010.pdf www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/research-stats/FSW2010.pdf

DIAC – Department of Immigration and Citizenship (2008). “Visa Subclass 457 Integrity Review: Final Report”, Department of Immigration and Citizenship, Canberra, www.immi.gov.au/skilled/skilled-workers/_pdf/457-integrity-review.pdf. www.immi.gov.au/skilled/skilled-workers/_pdf/457-integrity-review.pdf

DEEWR - Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations and DIAC - Department of Immigration and Citizenship (2009). “Future Skills: Targeting high value skills through the General Skilled Migration program”, Review of the Migration Occupations in Demand List, Issues Paper No. 2, Canberra, www.immi.gov.au/skilled/general-skilled-migration/modl-review/_pdf/issues2.pdf. www.immi.gov.au/skilled/general-skilled-migration/modl-review/_pdf/issues2.pdf

DIAC – Department of Immigration and Citizenship (2010). “Review of the General Skilled Migration Points Test: discussion paper”, Department of Immigration and Citizenship, Canberra.

Kustec, S. (2012). The role of migrant labour supply in the Canadian labour market, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Ottawa, www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/research/2012-migrant/documents/pdf/migrant2012-eng.pdf www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/research/2012-migrant/documents/pdf/migrant2012-eng.pdf

Federal Employment Agency (2011). Fachkräftesicherung: Ziele und Ma�nahmen der Bundesregierung, Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales, Berlin.

Migration Advisory Committee (2008). “Skilled Shortage Sensible: the recommended shortage occupation lists for the UK and Scotland”, United Kingdom Border Agency.

OECD (2008). “Management of Low-Skilled Labour Migration”, in International Migration Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris, pp. 125-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2008-6-en.

[CrossRef]

OECD (2009). “Workers Crossing Borders: A Road Map for Managing International Labour Migration”, in International Migration Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris, pp. 77-224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2009-4-en.

[CrossRef]

OECD (2009b). “International Migration and the Economic Crisis: Understanding the Links and Shaping Policy Responses”, in International Migration Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris, pp. 11-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2009-3-en.

[CrossRef]

OECD (2010). “Better Managing Labour Migration”, in Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies: Israel, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264079267-8-en.

[CrossRef]

OECD (2011). International Migration Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2011-en

[CrossRef]

OECD (2011c). “International Migration to Israel and its Impact”, in International Migration Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris, pp.205-258, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2011-9-en

[CrossRef]

OECD (2011b). Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Sweden, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264167216-en

[CrossRef]

OECD (2012). International Migration Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2012-en

[CrossRef]

OECD (2013). Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Germany, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264189034-en

[CrossRef]

Saint-Paul, G. (2009). “Immigration, qualifications et marché du travail”, La Documentation française. Paris, 2009, http://www.cae.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/084.pdf http://www.cae.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/084.pdf

Soroka, S. and S. Roberton (2010). “A literature review of Public Opinion Research on Canadian attitudes towards multiculturalism and immigration, 2006-2009”, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Ottawa. www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/research-stats/2012-por-multi-imm-eng.pdf. www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/research-stats/2012-por-multi-imm-eng.pdf


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.