Entegrasyonu etkileyen makro düzey etkenler: Almanya ve Hollanda'da Türkler - Macro-environmental factors affecting integration: Turks in Germany and the Netherlands Transnational Press London

Gonul Tol

Abstract


Bu çalışma Almanya ve Hollanda’da yasayan Türk toplumunun farklı entegrasyon örüntülerindeki nedensel faktörleri inceler. Alman ve Hollandalı Türk toplumları bir-çok farklı sosyo-kültürel özellikleri paylaşmaları yanında farklı entegrasyon seviyelerine sahip olduklarından karşılaştırmalı entegrasyon analizi açısından mükemmel bir fırsat sunuyor. Bu araştırma; ekonomik faktörler ve politik-yasal çerçeve gibi makro-çevresel koşullara bağlı olarak Hollandalı Türk göçmenlerin Almanya’daki muadillerine oranla ev sahibi topluma daha fazla entegre olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu faktörler etnik grupların entegrasyonunu teşvik edebilir ya da kısıtlayabilir. Anti-etnik yasama mevzu-atı, olumsuz göç politikaları ve işgücü piyasasındaki ayrımcılık entegrasyonu olumsuz etkilerken, ayrımcılık karşıtı yasal düzenlemeler ve kolay vatandaşlık mevzuatı göçmen toplumun ev sahibi topluma entegrasyonunu teşvik eder.

Keywords


Immigration; Turkish immigrants in Europe; naturalization laws

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