Göç ve hayatta kalma mücadelesi: İstanbul'da Azerbaycanlı kadın göçmenlerin hayatta kalma mücadelesi ve endüstriyel üretim - Survival of the excluded: Azerbaijani immigrant women's survival strategies and industrial work in Istanbul

Saniye Dedeoglu

Abstract


In recent years, Turkey has become a popular destination for the irregular migration of Azerbaijani people. Every year almost half a million Azeri come to Turkey for various reasons. However, most of these mi-grants seek employment in the large Turkish informal sector. This paper is an attempt to build the survival strategies of Azerbaijani migrants into the existing migration literature and show how these strategies can also be a way of generating a successful export industry in Turkey. In this re-gard, survival strategies developed by Azeri migrants in response to the Turkish migration regime, which is designed to exclude every migrant not considered somehow ethnically Turkish, include family migration, maximising family income while minimising the cost of daily family survival.

[IN TURKISH]

Son yıllarda Türkiye, Azerbaycan’dan gelen düzensiz göçmenler için cazip bir ülke haline gelmiştir. Her yıl neredeyse yarım milyon Azeri farklı nedenlerle Türkiye’ye gelmektedir. Fakat bu gelenlerin çoğu Türkiye’nin geniş enformel ekonomisinde istihdam imkanları aramaktadır. Bu açıdan, Türk etnik kökeninden gelmeyen hemen hemen tüm göçmeleri dışlama anlayışı üzerine kurulmuş göç rejiminde varolabilmek için geliştirilen yaşam mücadelesi yöntemleri, aile göçü, yaşam maliyetlerinin minimize edilmesi ve aile gelirinin maksimize edilmesidir. Bu yazının amacı Azerbaycanlı göçmenlerin yaşam ya da ayakta kalma stratejilerini ele alarak varolan literatüre katkı yapmak ve Azerilerin bu stratejilerinin Türkiye’nin en başarılı ihracat sektörlerinden birini yaratmak için katkı sağladığını göstermektedir.

Keywords


Azerbaycanlı göçü; yaşam mücadelesi; endüstriyel üretim; kadın emeği; Azerbaijani migration; survival strategies; industrial work; women’s labour

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