Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

The impact of informal networks on labour mobility: Immigrants’ first job in Spain

Daniela Vono-de-Vilhena, Elena Vidal-Coso


This study analyses the transition from the last job in the country of origin to the first job in Spain for immigrants from non-developed countries according to their country of birth. We used the 2007 Spanish National Immigration Survey to build empirical models of multivariate regression analysis considering the main factors that may influence the probability of downward and upward labour mobility for men and women separately. The inexistence of differences between men and women on the impact of networks and the key role of pre-settled partners in immigrants´ upward labour mobility are the main findings of this work.


Informal networks; labour mobility; immigrants; Spain; gender

Full Text:



Anguiano, M.E. (2001), "Inmigración laboral extracomunitaria en España: explorando perfiles y trayectorias laborales", Migraciones, 10: 111-134.

Becker, G.S (1964). “Human capital: a theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education”, National Bureau of Economic Research, General series, 80.

Becker, G.S. (1962). “Investment in human capital: a theoretical analysis”, Journal of Political Economy, 70: 9-49.

Bernardi, F., Garrido, L. and Miyar, M. (2011). “The Recent Fast Upsurge of Immi-grants in Spain and Their Employment Patterns and Occupational Attain-ment”, International Migration, 49 (1): 148-187.

Borjas, G. (1994). "The Economics of Immigration", Journal of Economic Literature, 32 (4): 1667-1717.

Cachón, L. (2009). La "España inmigrante": marco discriminatorio, mercado de trabajo y políticas de integración, Vol. 66, Rubí (Barcelona): Anthropos, Migraciones Proyecto Editorial.

Colectivo IOÉ. (2003). "Mujeres inmigradas y trabajo" in Checa, F. (ed.) Mujeres en el camino. El fenómeno de la migración femenina en España, Barcelona: Icaria editorial: 15-54.

Coleman, J. (1990). Foundation of Social Theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Domingo, A. and Gil, F. (2007). Immigration and changing labour force structure in the Southern European Union. Population, 62 (4): 709-727.

Ekberg, J. (1994). "Economic progress among immigrants in Sweden", Scandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, 3: 148-157.

Ekberg, J. (1996). "Labour market career among young Finnish immigrants in Swe-den", International Migration Quarterly Review, 34: 371-384.

Hugo, G. (1981). “Village-Community Ties, Village Norms and Ethnic and Social Networks: A Review of Evidence from the Third World” in F. G. DeJong and R.W. Gardner (eds.) Migration Decision Making: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Microlevel Studies in Developed and Developing Countries, New York: Pergamon Press.

Kalleberg, A.L. and Sorensen, A.B. (1979). "The sociology of labor markets", Annual Review of Sociology, 5: 351-379.

Massey, D. S. (1990). “Social Structure, Household Strategies, and the Cumulative Causation of Migration”, Population Index, 56 (1): 3-26.

Massey, D. S. et al. (1987). Return to Aztlan: The Social Process of International Migration from Western Mexico. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Massey, D. S. et al. (1993). “Theories of Internationl Migration: A Review and Ap-praisal”, Population and Development Review, 19 (3): 431-466.

Massey, D. S. et al. (1994a). “Continuities in Transnational Migration: An Analysis of 19 Mexican Communities”, American Journal of Sociology, 99 (6): 1492-1533.

Massey, D. S. et al. (1994b). “An Evaluation of International Migration Theory: The North American Case”, Population and Development Review, 20 (4): 699-751.

Massey, D. S. et al. (2001). “A Test Using Information on Family Networks”, American Journal of Sociology, 106 (5): 1262-1298.

Parella, S. (2003), Mujer, Inmigrante y trabajadora: la triple discriminación, Barcelona: Anthropos.

Piore, M. (1971). "The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications" in D.M. Gor-don (ed.) Political Economy: An Urban Perspective, Massachusetts: Health and Company, Lexington Books.

Piore, M. (1975). "Notes for a Theory of Labor Market Stratification" in R. Edwards. et al. (eds.) Labor Market Segmentation, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath and Company, Lexington Books.

Piore, M. (1979a). Birds of passage: migrant labour and industrial societies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Piore, M. (1979b). "Los trabajadores extranjeros" in M. Piore (ed.) Paro e inflación. Perspectivas institucionales y estructurales, Madrid: Alianza Editorial.

Portes, A. and Böröcz, J. (1992). “Inmigración contemporánea: perspectivas teóricas sobre sus determinantes y modos de acceso”, Aloz, 91-92, 20-33.

Portes A. and Sensenbrenner (1993). “Embeddendness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action”, American Journal of Sociology, 96 (6): 1320-1350.

Reher, D. et al. (2008). Informe Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes (ENI-2007), Madrid, Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Documentos de Trabajo, 2/08.

Rooth, D.O. and Ekberg, J. (2006). "Occupational Mobility for Immigrants in Swe-den", International Migration, 44 (2): 57-77.

Sorensen, (1977). “The Structure of inequality and the Process of Attainment”, The American Sociological Review, 42 (6): 965-978.

Taylor, J.E. (1986). “Differential Migration, Networks, Information and Risk” in O. Stark (ed.) Migration Theory, Human Capital and Development, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press.

Taylor, J.E. (1987). “Undocumented Mexico-U.S. Migration and the Returns to Households in Rural Mexico”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 69: 626-38.

Thurow, L.C. (1975). Generating inequality: mechanisms of distribution in the U.S. economy, New York: Basic Books.

Wilson, K. and Portes, A. (1980). “Immigrant Enclaves: An Analysis of the Labor Market Experiences of Cubans in Miami”, American Journal of Sociology, 88 (1): 135-160.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us