Migration and US economic competitiveness

Philip L. Martin

Abstract


Most Americans are dissatisfied with US immigration policies. This dissatisfaction stems from several factors, including the presence of over 11 million unauthorized foreigners and the fact that many US immigrants who want their spouses and children to join them face long waits. There is also a sense that the US, which accepts over a million immigrants and several hundred thousand temporary foreign workers a year, is not getting enough highly skilled immigrants and temporary workers who could bolster innovation and competitiveness in an increasingly knowledge-based economy. It is very hard to measure the benefits and costs of immigrants and migrant workers, which is one reason why the unsatisfactory status quo persists.


Keywords


Immigration; migrant workers; competitiveness; United States

Full Text:

PDF

References


BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics) (2010). Foreign-Born Workers: Labor Force Characteristics 2011. www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/forbrn.pdf.

Bodvarsson, Ö. and H. Van den Berg (2009). The Economics of Immigration. Theory and Policy. Springer.

Borjas, G. (2003). “The labor demand curve is downward sloping”. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4):1335-74.

Borjas, G. (1994). “The economics of immigration”. Journal of Economic Literature, 32(4):1667-1717.

Borjas, G. (1995). “The Economic Benefits from Immigration”. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2):3-22.

Borjas, G. J. (2001). Heaven's Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy. Prince-ton Univ. Press.

Borjas, G., J. Grogger, and G. Hanson (2011). Imperfect Substitution between Immigrants and Natives: A Reappraisal. NBER Working Paper 17461.

Card, D. (1990). “The impact of the Mariel boatlift on the Miami labor market”. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 43:245-57.

Card, D. (2001). “Immigrant inflows, native outflows and the local labor market impacts of higher immigration”. Journal of Labor Economics. 19(1):22-64.

USCEA (US President’s Council of Economic Advisors) (1986). Economic Report of the President. www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=ERP

DHS (Department of Homeland Security). (Annual). Yearbook of Immigration Statistics. www.dhs.gov/immigration-statistics

Filer, R., D. Hamermesh, and A. Rees (1996). The Economics of Work and Pay. Nee York: HarperCollins.

Friedberg, R. and Hunt, J. (1995). The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol 9. Spring. Pp23-44. http://ideas.repec.org/a/aea/jecper/v9y1995i2p23-44.html

GAO (General Accounting Office) (1988). Influence of illegal workers on wages and working conditions of legal workers. PEMD-88-13BR. May 12. www.gao.gov/products/PEMD-88-13BR.

Grieco, E. et al. (2012). The Foreign-Born Population of the US. 2010. ACS-19. May. www.census.gov/population/foreign/.

Hipple, S. (2010). “Self-employment in the United States”. Monthly Labor Review. September:17-32.

Mare, David et al. (2011). “Immigration and innovation”. Motu WP 11-05. May. /www.motu.org.nz/.

Martin, P. and E. Midgley (2006). Immigration: Shaping and reshaping America. Population Bulletin, Vol 61, No 4. , Washington D.C. Population Reference Bureau. www.prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins/2006/ ImmigrationShapingandReshapingAmerica.aspx.

McCabe, K. and J. Batalova (2009). Immigration enforcement in the United States. Migration Information Source. www.migrationinformation.org/ fea-ture/display.cfm?ID=750.

Migration News (2011). Labor, H-1B, J-1. Vol 18, No 4. October. http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/more.php?id=3708_0_2_0.

Migration News (2012a). SB 1070, DREAM, Elections. Vol 19, No 3. July. http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/more.php?id=3763_0_2_0.

Migration News (2012b). Unemployment, projections, H-1B, J-1. Vol 19, No 2. April. http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/more.php?id=3747_0_2_0.

Mines, R. and P. Martin (1984). “Immigrant workers and the California citrus industry”. Industrial Relations, 23(1): 139-149.

Open Doors (2011). Report on international educational exchange. Institute of International Education. www.iie.org/en/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors.

Ottaviano, G. and Peri, G. (2005). “Rethinking the gains from immigration: Theory and evidence from the US.” NBER Working Paper 11672 http://www.nber.org/papers/w11672.

Partnership for a New American Economy (2012). Patent pending: How immigrants are reinventing the American economy. www.renewoureconomy.org/patent-pending.

Passel, J., D. Cohn and A. Gonzalez-Barrera (2012). Net migration from Mexico falls to zero—and perhaps less. Pew Hispanic Organization. May 3. www.pewhispanic.org/2012/04/23/net-migration-from-mexico-falls-to-zero-and-perhaps-less/.

Piore, M. (1979). Birds of Passage. Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ruhs, M. and B. Anderson (Eds.) (2010). Labour Shortages, Immigration, and Public Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smith, J. and B. Edmonston (Eds.) (1997). The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington: National Research Council.

United Nations (2012). Global Migration Database. http://esa.un.org/unmigration/.

US Statistical Abstract (2012). www.census.gov/compendia/statab/.

Wadhwa, V. et al. (2008). “Skilled immigration and economic growth”. Applied Research in Economic Development, 5(1): 6-14.

Waldinger, R. and M. Lichter (2003). How the Other Half Works. Immigration and the Social Organization of Labor. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Waldinger, R., R. Ward, H. Aldrich, and J. Stanfield (1990). Ethnic entrepreneurs: immigrant business in industrial societies. Mimeo. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1496219.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.