Going North, coming South: Guatemalan migratory flows
Understanding the return aspect of international migration is vital because returnees replete with new ideas, perceptions on life, and monies affect every dimension of social life in migrants’ places of origin. Yet, return migration remains uneven and an understudied aspect of migratory flows because migration scholars have privileged why individuals migrate, the underlying motivations for their moves abroad, and how migrants assimilate and succeed in their destinations abroad. Drawing on ethnographic research, this article addresses the migratory flows of Ladino and Mayan Guatemalans: those who go North, but in particular, those who come South. And in doing so, it highlights their similar and divergent responses towards migration processes.
Brettell, C. (2006). “Wrestling with 9/11: Immigrant Perceptions and Perceptions of Immigrants,” Migration Letters 3(2): 107:124.
Browning, H. L., et al. (1985). The Migration of Mexican Indocumentados as a Set-tlement Process: Implications for Work, Hispanics in the U.S. Economy, G. Borjas and M. Tienda (eds). London: Academic Press, Inc., pp. 277-97.
Chavez, L. (1988). “Settlers and Sojourners: The Case of Mexicans in the United States,” Human Organization 47(2): 95-108.
D’Innocenzo, M. and Josef S. (eds). (1992). Immigration and Ethnicity: American Society, Melting Pot or Salad Bowl? Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Espinosa, V. (1998). El Dilema del Retorno: Migración, Género y Pertenencia en un contexto Transnacional. Mexico: El Colegio de Michoacán.
Georges, E. (1990). The Making of a Transnational Community: Migration, Devel-opment, and Cultural Change in the Dominican Republic. New York: Columbia University Press.
Glick Schiller, N., Basch, L. and Szanton, C. (1992). “Towards a Transnational Per-spective on Migration: Race, Class, Ethnicity, and Nationalism Reconsidered,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
Gmelch, G. (1980). “Return Migration,” Annual Review Anthropology 9: 135-59.
Guarnizo, L. (1997). “The Emergence of a Trasnational Social Formation and the Mirage of Return Migration among Dominican Transmigrants,” Identities 4(2): 281-322.
Hamar, Tomas and Tomas, K. (1997). Why Do People Go or Stay? In International Migration, Immobility and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford: Berg. Pp. 1-20. (eds). Hammar, T., Brochmann, G., Tomas, K. and Faist, T.
Hagan, J. (1994). Deciding to Be Legal: A Maya Community in Houston. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Klimt, A. (2000). “European Spaces: Portuguese Migrants’ Notions of Home and Belonging,” Diaspora 9(2): 259-285.
Levitt, P. (2001). The Transnational Villagers. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mahler, S. (1999). “Engendering Transnational Migration: A Case of Salvadorans,” American Behavioral Scientist 42(2): 690-719.
Malmberg, G. (1997). “Time and Space in International Migration.” In International Migration, Immobility and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford: Berg. Pp. 21-48. (eds). Hammar, T., Brochmann, G., Tomas, K. and Faist, T.
Massey, D., Durand, J. and Malone, N. (2002). Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Migration Policy Institute. (2006). “Guatemala: Economic Migrants Replace Political Refugees.” Smith, J., Inforpress Centroamericana.” Available at: http://www.migrationinformation.org/Profiles/display.cfm?ID=392 Accessed on January 28, 2009.
Moran-Taylor, M. J. (2008a). “Guatemala’s Ladino and Maya Migra Landscapes: The Tangible and Intangible Outcomes of Migration,” Human Organization 67(2): 111-124.
Moran-Taylor, M. J. (2008b). “When Mothers and Fathers Migrate North: Caretakers, Children and Childrearing in Guatemala,” Latin American Perspectives, 35(4): 79-95.
Moran-Taylor, M. J. (2001). “Nostalgia por la Tierra, Nostalgia por el Dólar: Guatemalan Trans-national Lives and Ideology of Return Migration.” Estudios Fronterizos, Revista del Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad Autónoma de Baja Cali-fornia, Nueva época 2(4):93-114.
Moran-Taylor, M. J. and Menjívar, C. (2005). “Unpacking Longings to Return: Gua-temalans and Salvadorans in Phoenix, Arizona,” International Migration, 43(4): 91-121.
Nolin, C. (2004). “Spatializing the Immobility of Guatemalan Transnationalism in Canada,” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 29: 267–288.
Pessar, P. (1995). A Visa for a Dream: Dominicans in the United States. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Rodman, D. (2009). “Forgotten Guatemala: Genocide, Truth and Denial in Guate-mala’s Oriente.” In Genocide: Truth, Memory, and Representation. Alexander Laban Hinton and Kevin O'Neill, eds. Pp. 192-215. Durham: Duke University Press.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.