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Yearly quotas and country-reserved shares in Italian immigration policy

Paolo Cuttitta

Abstract


Regular immigration to Italy is based on a quota system setting annual ceilings to legal entries. Reserved shares are granted to single countries or categories of countries. Reserved shares have been increased; they are used as an incentive to obtain the cooperation of countries of origin in stemming irregular migration flows. The total quota of regular immigration has gradually increased too. Still, it does not fully respond to the growing demand of foreign workers on the labour market, and quotas seem to be used as crypto-regularisations rather than as an instrument for regulating legal entries.


Keywords


Italy; legal immigration; entry quotas; reserved shares; regularisation

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References


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