Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Cross-country Employment Propensity of Finnish Migrants: Evidence from Linked Register Data

Jan Saarela, Fjalar Finnäs

Abstract


This paper explores how individual employment propensity interrelates across countries and time, using data that link population registers from Sweden and Finland. Migrants are observed before emigration, after emigration, and in a follow-up in cases both where they were still living in the host country and if they had return migrated. The interrelation is found to be strong, suggesting that migrants’ employment problems need not necessarily be due to failures in integration policies or because of problems in assimilation induced by migration as an event. They could also be explained by the fact that many persons, in latent subgroups, have inherently elevated failure risks.


Keywords


employment propensity; integration; Finland; Sweden

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arulampalam, W. (2001). Is Unemployment Really Scarring? Ef-fects of Unemployment Experiences on Wages. Economic Journal, 111, 585-606.

Arulampalam, W., Booth, A. L. & Taylor, M. P. (2000). Unemploy-ment Persistence. Oxford Economic Papers, 52, 24-50.

Borjas, G. J. & Bratsberg, B. (1996). Who Leaves? The Out-migration of the Foreign-born. Review of Economics and Statistics, 78, 165-176.

Finnäs, F. (2003). Migration and Return-migration among Swedish-speaking Finns. In R. Höglund, M. Jäntti & G. Rosenqvist (eds.), Statistics, Econometrics and Society: Essays in Honour of Leif Nordberg. Research Reports, No. 238. Statistics Finland, Helsinki, 41-54.

Heckman, J. J. & Borjas, G. (1980). Does Unemployment Cause Fu-ture Unemployment? Definitions, Questions and Answers from a Continuous Time Model of Heterogeneity and State Dependence. Economica, 47, 247-283.

National Board of Health and Welfare (2006). Hemlöshet i Sverige 2005. Omfattning och karaktär. Socialstyrelsen, Stockholm.

OECD (2001). The Employment of Foreigners: Outlook and Issues in OECD Countries. In OECD Employment Outlook 2001. OECD, Paris, 167-206.

Rooth, D.-O. & Saarela, J. (2006). Modersmål och arbetsmarknad-sutfall: finsk- och svenskspråkiga finländare i Sverige. Ekonomisk Debatt, 34, 56-65.

Saarela, J. (2006a). Länkade registerdata från Sverige och Finland: möjligheter och problem. Föredrag. Ekonomiska Samfundets Tidskrift, 59, 153-156.

Saarela, J. (2006b). Muuttoliiketutkimuksessa otetaan kansainvälisiä edistysaskeleita. Hyvinvointikatsaus, No. 3, 51-56.

Saarela, J. & Rooth, D.-O. (2006). How Integrated are Finns on the Swedish Labour Market? Outcomes of Free Labour Mobility. International Migration, 44, 119-152.

Statistics Finland (2006). Rekisteriseloste: Väestölaskentojen pitkittäistiedosto 1970-1995. Available at http://www.stat.fi/meta/rekisteriselosteet/rekisteriseloste_vaestolaskenta70-95.html (accessed June 7, 2006).

Statistics Sweden (2006). Registret över totalbefolkningen (RTB). Available at http://www.scb.se/templates/Standard____22840.asp#Variabelinneh%E5ll (accessed June 7, 2006).

Swedish National Institute of Public Health (2002). Födelselandets betydelse. En rapport om hälsan hos olika invandrargrupper i Sverige. Statens Folkhälsoinstitut, Stockholm.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.