Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Migration Management in Albania Mapping and Evaluating Outside Intervention

Martin Geiger

Abstract


Unwanted migratory flows from Albania serve as a justification for external interventions aimed at regulating migration ‘from within’. Over the last years the exertions of a number of international organizations have led to a situation of deadlock. Overriding vested interests seem to block a national ownership: Albanian government is not yet empowered to assume full control over its migration policy. While remaining in anxiety for new emigration waves, the international stakeholders share a general mistrust in local institutions to regulate migration in an effective manner.


Keywords


Albania; Migration; European Union; Organisations

Full Text:

PDF

References


AIIS (Albanian Institute for International Studies), 2005, Albanian Democratization, In search of accountability, AIIS, Tirana.

Agustín, L. M., 2003, “Forget Victimization: Granting Agency to Migrants”, Development 46(3): 30-36.

Baldwin-Edwards, M., 2004, “Sustainable development and emi-gration. The contemporary Balkans and the European Un-ion”, South-East Europe Review (1): 9-14.

Baldwin-Edwards, M. (with K. Apostolatou), 2006, Statistics αnd Reality: Greece, Scientific Report, pdf obtained from the author.

Barjaba, K., 2005, “Labour emigration. From political will towards collaboration of migratory markets”, in: IOM (International Organisation for Migration)/Government of the Republic of Albania, eds., Workshop on the national strategy for migration: Selected papers, IOM Tirana, pp. 37-46.

Bejtaj, Engjel, 2005, “Welcoming words”, in: IOM (International Organisation for Migration)/Government of the Republic of Albania, eds., Workshop on the national strategy for migration: Selected papers, IOM Tirana, pp. 14-16.

European Commission, 2002-2004, CARDS Statistics, (Various years, Regional and National CARDS), http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/financial_assistance/cards.

European Commission, 2003, Report from the Commission: The Stabilisation and Association Process for South East Europe. Second Annual Report, COM (2003) 139 final, Brussels, 26 March 2003.

European Commission, 2005, Albania 2005 Progress Report, COM (2005) 561 final, Brussels, 9 November 2005.

European Commission, 2006, Commission Staff Working Document: Albania 2006 Progress Report, COM (2006) 649 final, Brus-sels, 8 November 2006.

European Council, 2000, Presidency Conclusions, Santa Maria da Feira, 19-20 June.

European Council, 2004, The Hague Programme: Strengthening freedom, security and justice in the European Union, Brus-sels, 13 December 2004.

Gédap (Groupe d’étude de Démographie Appliquée)/BIVS (Berlin Institute for Comparative Social Research), 2003a, Migration and Asylum in Europe 2003, European Migration Network (EMN), 2003 Annual Statistics Report, http://ec.europa.eu/justice_home/doc_centre/asylum/statistics/docs/2003/2003_annual_statistics_report.pdf.

Gédap/BIVS, 2003b, Migration and Asylum in Europe 2003, European Migration Network (EMN), 2003 Annual Statistics Report – Illegal immigration: Number of apprehended aliens by country of citizenship (EU-15), http://ec.europa.eu /justice_home/ doc_centre/asylum/statistics/docs/2003 /9.5.6_apprehended_aliens_citizenship_15ms_2003_final.pdf.

Gédap/BIVS, 2003c, Migration and Asylum in Europe 2003, European Migration Network (EMN), 2003 Annual Statistics Report – Illegal immigration: Number of removed aliens by country of citizenship (EU-15), http://ec.europa.eu/ jus-tice_home/doc_centre/asylum/statistics/docs/ 2003/ 9.5.4_removed_aliens_citizenship_15ms_2003_final.pdf.

Gjonça, A., 2002, “Albanische Emigration in den neunziger Jahren. Eine neue Ära in der demographischen Entwicklung“, in: Kaser, K. et al., ed., Die weite Welt und das Dorf. Albanische Emigration am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts, Böhlau Verlag, Wien et al., pp. 15-38.

Government of Albania (and International Organisation for Migration), 2005a, National Strategy on Migration and National Action Plan on Migration, The road towards migration management, http://iomtirana.org.al/en/National%20Strategy%20on%20Migration%20&%20National%20Action%20Plan%20on%20Migration.pdf.

Government of Albania (and International Organisation for Migration), 2005b, The national strategy on migration management, Flyer obtained from the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.

ICMPD (International Centre for Migration Policy Development), 2000, How to halt illegal migration to, from and through South East Europe?, A report on the activities of the Working Group on South East Europe of the Budapest Group, with proposals on further action in the overall framework of the Stability Pact, ICMPD, Vienna.

IOM, 2005, Second Annual Report on Victims of Trafficking in South-Eastern Europe, IOM, Geneva.

IOM, 2006a, Migration Initiatives Appeal 2006, IOM, Geneva.

IOM, 2006b, Newsletter IOM Tirana: Safe Migration is a Choice and an Opportunity, IOM Tirana, Tirana.

ISTAT (Istituto nazionale di statistica), 2006, La popolazione stra-niera residente in Italia (Alien residents in Italy as of 1st January 2006), Statistiche in breve, 17/10/2006, http://www.istat.it/salastampa/comunicati/non_calendario/20061017_00/testointegrale.pdf.

Kajsiu, B. et al., 2002, Albania. A weak democracy, a weak state. Report on the state of democracy in Albania, AIIS, Tirana.

Kelly, L., 2005, “You can find anything you want: A Critical Reflection on Research on Trafficking in Persons within and into Europe”, in: International Migration 43 (1/2): 235-265.

King, R. and Vullnetari, J., 2003, “Migration and development in Albania”, DRC Working Paper C5, Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty (DRC) University of Sussex.

Pastore, F., 1998, Conflicts and migrations. A case stuy on Albania, http://www.cespi.it/pastore/Albania1998.pdf.

Schatzer, P., 2005, “Welcoming words”, In: IOM (International Organisation for Migration)/Government of the Republic of Albania, eds., Workshop on the national strategy for migration: Selected papers, IOM Tirana, pp. 19-21.

US Department of State, 2006, Trafficking in Persons Report 2006, US Department of State, Washington.

Vatra (Psycho-Social Centre), 2005, Girls and Trafficking. Study on the Development of Trafficking in Women in Albania, Vatra, Vlora.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.