Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Egyptian irregular migration to Europe

Ayman Zohry

Abstract


In this paper, I explore characteristics of Egyptian who migrate irregularly to Europe and reasons of irregular migration from the point of departure through a field survey in some Egyptian villages known of sending irregular – as well as regular - migrants to Europe (mainly Italy and France).  The survey gathered information about the level of awareness of potential migrants about irregular migration and migrants smuggling from Egypt. The results indicate that the vast majority of youth who want to migrate to Europe as well as current migrants intend to return to Egypt after a temporary stay in the countries of destination. These findings suggest that the Egyptian migration to Europe is a re-production of the pattern of Egyptian migration to the Arab Gulf countries, where young males migrate to achieve specific financial goals and then they return.


Keywords


Egypt; Europe; irregular migration; youth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brinks, J.S. and Sinclair, C.A. (1980) International Migration and Development in the Arab Region. ILO, Geneva.

Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (1989) Housing and Population Census, 1986. CAPMAS, Cairo.

______ (2001) The United Evaluation 2000. CAPMAS, Cairo.

Cleland, W. (1936) The Population Problem in Egypt: A Study of Population Trends and Conditions in Modern Egypt. Lancaster, PA: Science Press Printing Company.

Farrag, M. (1999) ‘Emigration dynamics in Egypt. ’ R. Appleyard (ed.) Emigration dynamics in developing countries, Volume 4: The Arab region: 44-88. IOM and UNFPA.

Ministry of Manpower and Emigration (2003) Contemporary Egyptian Migration 2003, Emigration Sector, Ministry of Manpower and Emigration in cooperation with Italia Cooperation and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Cairo.

______ (2006) Attitudes of Egyptian Youth Towards Migration to Europe 2006, Emigration Sector, Ministry of Manpower and Emigration in cooperation with Italia Cooperation and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Cairo.

Reyneri, E. (2004) ‘Education and occupational pathways of mi-grants in Italy’. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 30(6):1145–1162.

World Bank (2006) Country Brief: Egypt, The World Bank, Washington.

Zohry, A. (2003) ‘The place of Egypt in the regional migration system as a receiving country’. Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales. 19(3):129-149.

______. (2005a) Interrelationships between internal and international migration in Egypt: a pilot study. Development Research Center on Migration, Globalization, and Poverty, University of Sussex, Brighton.

______. (2005b) Migration without Borders: North Africa as a Re-serve of Cheap Labour for Europe, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.