Japanese agricultural competitiveness and migration

Mitsuyoshi Ando, Kenji Horiguchi

Abstract


This paper reviews the importance of foreign trainees to farmers whowant to expand their production oflabour-intensivecommodities.Local Japanese youth generally shun farm worker jobs, and Japan is generally closed to low-skilled migrants, but permits farmers, manufacturers andother employers to train and employ young foreigners for up to three years. In Ibaragi Prefecture north of Tokyo, the agricultural cooperatives that provide inputs to farmers and market their vegetables and other produce helped their farmer-members introduce foreign trainees, whoallowed farmers to expand their production andincreased cooperative sales. Trainees must be paid the Japanese minimum wage for most of the 36 months they are in Japan with the additional costs for train-related system, but they are still cheaper than full-time Japanese farm workers. Main data are coming from the statistics like Japanese Agricultural Census and interviews with coops, farmers and trainees.


Keywords


Horticulture; technical intern trainees; minimum wage; farm enlargement; co-op as supervising organization

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agricultural Census. (2005). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

Asato, W. (ed.) (2011).Collapse of Japan Closing the Door to Foreign Workers. Diamond Company.

Gunji, S. (2012). Role of Japanese Agricultural Cooperatives in the Management of Foreign Technical Intern Trainees. Japanese Journal of Rural Economics, Vol. 14, Special Issue, pp. 254-259.

Hasemi, T. and M. Ando (2004). Actual Condition of Farm Management Applying Foreign Employees in Large-Scale Upland Area.Japanese Journal of Farm Management, 42(1):99-102.

Hasemi, T. and M. Ando (2004). Development and Problem of Farm Management Applying Foreign Employees in Large-Scale Vegetable Farming Region. Japanese Journal of Rural Economics, Vol.6, Special Issue, pp.7-14.

Herbert, W. (1997). Foreign Workers and Law Enforcement in Japan. London, UK: Routledge. Kindle Edition.

Ibaragi Chamber of Agriculture. (2012) Table of wage list for farm operator and others.

Iguchi, Y. (2001). New Era of Foreign Workers. ChikumaShobo publishing company.

Japan Immigration Association. (2004). http://www.nyukan-kyokai.or.jp/.

Japan International Training Cooperation Organization (JITCO). (2012). Annual White Paper of JITCO:2012.

Kajita, T. (1994). Foreign Workers and Japan. NHK Books publishing company.

Kajita, T. and T. Miyajima (eds.) (2002). Ethnicity and Changing Japanese Society. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.

MAFF. (2010). http://www.maff.go.jp/j/tokei/index.html Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Statistical Yearbook 2010.

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (2004). http://www.mhlw.go.jp/shingi/ 2005/05/dl/s0510-5b.pdf.

MHLaW (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) (2012). Statistics of hired foreigners. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/ bunya/ koyou/ gaikokujin09/pdf/14a.pdf.

MIAaC (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication) (2012). Japan Statistical Yearbook 2012, http:// www.stat. go.jp/data/handbook/index.htm.

Statistics of Yachiyo Town (2012). Among the employees, Filipinos. http://www.town.ibaraki-yachiyo.lg.jp/ page/ page000280.html.

Survey of Local Extension Office belonging to Ibaragi Prefectural Office. (2010).

Yamada, M. (2010). The Current Issues on Foreign Workers in Japan. Japan Labour Review. 7(3):5-18.

Yasuda, K. (2007). A Murder by a Foreign Trainee. Nanatsumorisyokan publishing company.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.