The international migration and foreign policy nexus: the case of Syrian refugee crisis and Turkey
The relationship between ‘foreign’ and ‘immigration and asylum’ policy is complex and has significant consequences beyond these policy areas. Despite their ever increasing importance, migration and refugee studies have been rarely tackled within the foreign policy dimension of state’s responses, in particular regarding refugee crisis. This paper both demonstrates the importance for and impact of foreign policy orientations on immigration and asylum policies. It questions how ‘foreign’ policy and ‘asylum’ policy are intertwined and generate differences in coping with the mass influx with a focus on the Syrian refugee crisis and Turkey’s policy responses. We argue that assertive foreign policy of Turkey, particularly willingness to be the actor ‘establishing the order’ in the Middle East’ which led to the ‘open-door’ and humanitarian asylum policy at the initial stages of refugee flow. However, the isolation of Turkish foreign policy along with the increase in the numbers of refugees necessitated recalibration of the adopted policy towards the one based on ‘non-arrival’, and ‘security’ emphasizing ‘temporary protection’, ‘voluntary return’ and the ‘burden share’.
Full Text:DOWNLOAD PDF
Ahmadoun, S. (2014). “Turkey’s Policy toward Syrian Refugees Domestic Reper-cussions and the Need for International Support”, SWP Comment 47, Nov. 2014.
Altunisik, M. B. & Tür, Ö. (2006). “From Distant Neighbours to Partners? Changing Syrian-Turkish Relations”, Security Dialogue, Vol. 37, Pp. 229-248.
Ananicz, S. (2014). “Helpless And Lonely: Turkey’s Attitude towards the War in Syria”, OSW Commentary, Number 136, Retrieved from Http://Www.Osw. Waw.Pl/En/Publikacje/Osw-Commentary/2014-05-12/Helpless-And-Lonely-Turkeys-Attitude-Towards-War-Syria (Accessed On 02.02.2015).
Aras, B. & Karakaya, R. (2008). “From Conflict to Cooperation: De-Securitization of Turkey's Relations with Syria and Iran”, Security Dialogue, Vol. 39. Pp. 495-515.
Aras, D. (2012). Turkish-Syrian Relations Go Downhill The Syrian Uprising”, Middle East Quarterly Spring 2012, 19 (2), Pp. 41-50.
Balci, A. (2012). ‘Turkey’s Relations with the Syrian Opposition’, 13/4/2012. http://Carnegieendowment.Org/2012/04/13/Turkey-S-Relations-With-Syrian-Opposition. (Accessed 20.04.2015).
Beach, D. & Pedersen R. B. (2011). “What Is Process Tracing Actually Tracing? The Three Variants of Process Tracing Methods and Their Uses and Limitations”, Paper Prepared For Presentation at the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Seattle, Washington, USA September 1-4, 2011.
Borjas, G. H. (2001). Heaven's Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Boswell, C. (2003). “The External Dimension of the EU’s Immigration and Asylum Policy”, International Affairs, Vol. 79, Issue 3, Pp. 619-638.
Castles, S. et al. (2014). The Age of Migration, 5th Eds., the UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Castles, S. (2009). “Development and Migration—Migration and Development: What Comes First? Global Perspective and African Experiences”, Theoria, 56(121): 1-31.
Collier, D. (2011). “Understanding Process Tracing”, Political Science and Politics 44, No. 4, Pp. 823-830.
Coskun-Balamir, B. (2015). Retrospective Review of Turkey’s Middle East Policy, Turkey Institute, ISBN. 978-0-9931268-1-9.
Danıs, D. (2009). “Away from Iraq: The Post 1991 Out-migration Flows”, Ortadoğu Analiz, Haziran’09 Cilt 1 – No. 6
Demirtaş, B. (2013). “Turkish-Syrian Relations: From Friend “Esad” to Enemy “Esed”, Middle East Policy, Vol. 20, No. 1, Pp. 111.
Geddes, A. (2009). Migration As Foreign Policy?, Retrieved From www.Sieps.Se/ Sites/Default/Files/528-2009-2rapport.Pdf (Accessed: 21.04.2015).
George, A. L. and Bennet, A. (2005). Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. US: Harvard University Press.
Greenhill, K. (2010). Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy, Ithaca, Ny: Cornell University Press, 2010.
Harris, J. R. & Todaro, M. P. (1970). “Migration, Unemployment And Development: A Two-Sector Analysis”, The American Economic Review, Vol. 60, No. 1 (1970), Pp. 126-142.
Hinnebusch, R. & Tür, Ö. (2013). Turkey-Syria Relations: Between Enmity and Amity. Asghate, 2013, Pp. 159-160.
Ihlamur-Öner, S. G. (2014). “Turkey’s Refugee Regime Stretched to the Limit? The Case of Iraqi And Syrian Refugee Flows”, Perceptions, Autumn 2013, Volume Xviii, Number 3, Pp. 191-228.
Kaynak, M. et al. (1992). Iraklı Sığınmacılar ve Türkiye (1988-1991), Ankara: Tanmak.
Latif, D. (2002). “Refugee Policy of the Turkish Republic”, The Turkish Year Book, Vol. Xxxiii, Pp. 12.
Lavanex, S. & Uçarer, E. (2003). Migration and the Externalities of European Integration, Oxford: Lexington Books.
Long, K. (2010). “No entry! A Review of UNHR’S Response to border Closures in Situations of Mass Refugee Influx”, Report for UNHCR Policy Development and Evaluation Service.
Mertus, J. (1998). “The State and the Post-Cold War Refugee Regime”, International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 10 (3), P. 328.
Mitchell, C. (1989). “International Migration, International Relations and Foreign Policy”, International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 3, Pp. 682.
Papadopulos, A. (2007). “Editorial: Migration and Human Security in the Balkans”, Migration Letters, Vol. 4. No. 2, Pp. 98.
Teitelbaum, M. S. (1984). “Immigration, Refugees, and Foreign Policy”, International Organization, Vol. 38, No. 3, Pp. 441.
Tucker, R. W., Keely, C. B. & Wrigley, L. (1990). Immigration and U.S. Foreign Policy, Boulder: Westview Press.
Weiner, M. & Munz, R. (1997). “Migrants, Refugees and Foreign Policy: Prevention and Intervention Strategies”, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 1, Pp. 25-51.
Vogler, M. & Rotte, R (2000). “The Effects of Development on Migration: Theoretical Issues and New Empirical Evidence”, Journal of Population Economics, September 2000, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pp. 485-508.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.