Naturalisation policies beyond a Western focus
Naturalisations do not happen automatically – unlike the acquisition of nationality at birth – but must be brought about deliberately. The varying ways naturalisations are organized in any society therefore offer an opportunity to gain clues as to which criteria are assumed to be relevant for the respective definition of national belonging. This introduction argues that most research on naturalisation still focusses on Western states, and that theories of naturalisation are largely derived from Western cases. It describes the ethnocentric bias of much of the universalizing comparative research on naturalisations, and outlines the main reasons for the lack of research beyond the West. It then presents the articles on naturalisation policies in the Global South brought together in this special issue. The contributions analyse ethnically exclusive nationality laws in Liberia and Israel; selective two-tier regimes of immigrant incorporation in Hong Kong and Singapore; investor citizenship schemes which are much more common in the Global South than in the North, exemplified by the case of Mauritius; and Mexico, whose norms assign naturalised Mexicans the status of “second-class citizens”.
Aleinikoff, T. A., & Klusmeyer, D. B. (Eds.). (2000). From migrants to citizens: Membership in a changing world. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Anderson, B., Gibney, M. J., & Paoletti, E. (2011). Boundaries of belonging: deportation and the constitution and contestation of citizenship. Citizenship Studies, 15(5), 543–545.
Anderson, B., Gibney, M. J., & Paoletti, E. (Eds.). (2013). Immigrants and Minorities, Politics and Policy. The Social, Political and Historical Contours of Deportation. New York, NY: Springer.
Asis, M. M. B., & Battistella, G. (2012). Multicultural Realities and Membership: States, Migrations and Citizenship in Asia. In L. A. Eng, F. L. Collins, & Yeoh, Brenda S. A. (Eds.), Migration and diversity in Asian contexts (pp. 31–55). Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Bakewell, O., & Jónsson, G. (2013). Theory and the Study of Migration in Africa. Journal of intercultural studies, 34(5).
Bashford, A. (2014). Immigration restriction: rethinking period and place from settler colonies to postcolonial nations. Journal of Global History, 9(01), 26–48.
Bauböck, R. (Ed.). (1994). Public policy and social welfare17. From aliens to citizens: Redefining the status of immigrants in Europe. Aldershot: Avebury.
Bauböck, R., Ersbøll, E., Groenendijk, K., & Waldrauch, H. (Eds.). (2006). IMISCOE research. Acquisition and loss of nationality: Policies and trends in 15 European states. Amsterdam: Amsterdam Univ. Press.
Bauböck, R., Perchinig, B., & Sievers, W. (Eds.). (2009). IMISCOE research. Citizenship policies in the New Europe (Expanded and updated ed.). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Bloemraad, I. (2006). Becoming a citizen: Incorporating immigrants and refugees in the United States and Canada. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Bloemraad, I., & Ueda, R. (2006). Naturalization and Nationality. In R. Ueda (Ed.), Blackwell companions to American history: Vol. 15. A companion to American immigration (pp. 36–57). Malden, Mass: Blackwell.
Brubaker, R. (1992). Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge/MA.
Brubaker, R. (2010). Migration, Membership, and the Modern Nation-State: Internal and External Dimensions of the Politics of Belonging. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 41(1), 61–78.
Byrne, B. (2014). Making citizens: Public rituals and personal journeys to citizenship. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Castles, S., & Miller, M. J. (2009). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world (4. ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Chakrabarty, D. (2000). Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial thought and historical difference. Princeton studies in culture/power/history. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
Chatterjee, P. (1986). Nationalist thought and the colonial world: A derivative discourse? Delhi: Oxford Univ. Press.
Connell, R. (2011). Sociology for the whole world. International Sociology, 26(3), 288–291.
Crowley, J. (1999). The politics of belonging - some theoretical considerations. In A. Geddes & A. Favell (Eds.), Contemporary trends in European social sciences. The politics of belonging. Migrants and minorities in contemporary Europe (pp. 15–41). Aldershot: Ashgate.
Damsholt, T. (2008). Making Citizens: On the Genealogy of Citizenship Ceremonies. In P. Mouritsen (Ed.), Constituting communities. Political solutions to cultural conflict (pp. 53–72). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dzankic, J. (2012). The Pros and Cons of Ius Pecuniae: Investor citizenship in comparative perspective. EUDO Citizenship Observatory (EUI Working Papers, 14). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1814/21476
Earnest, D. (2003). Voting Rights for Resident Aliens: A Comparison of 25 Democracies: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North Eastern Political Science Association. Retrieved from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p89774_index.html
Favell, A. (2006). The Nation-Centered Perspective. In M. Giugni & F. Passy (Eds.), Program in migration and refugee studies. Dialogues on migration policy (pp. 45–56). Lanham: Lexington Books.
FitzGerald, D. (2005). Nationality and Migration in Modern Mexico. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(1), 171–191.
Gibney, M. J. (2013). ‘A Very Transcendental Power’: Denaturalisation and the Liberalisation of Citizenship in the United Kingdom. Political Studies, 61(3), 637–655.
Glick Schiller, N. (2008). Transnationality. In D. Nugent & J. Vincent (Eds.), A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics (pp. 448–467). Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.
Goodman, S. W. (2012). Fortifying Citizenship: Policy Strategies for Civic Integration in Western Europe. World Politics, 64(4), 659–698.
Gosewinkel, D. (2001). Einbürgern und Ausschließen. Die Nationalisierung der Staatsangehörigkeit vom Deutschen Bund bis zur Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Hansen, R. (2009). The poverty of postnationalism: Citizenship, immigration, and the new Europe. Theory & Society, 38(1), 1–24.
Hassall, G. (1999). Citizenship in the Asia-Pacific: a Survey of Contemporary Issues. In A. Davidson & K. Weekley (Eds.), Globalization and citizenship in the Asia-Pacific (pp. 49–70). New York, N.Y: St. Martin's Press.
Hayduk, R. (2006). Democracy for all: Restoring immigrant voting rights in the United States. New York, NY: Routledge.
Howard, M. M. (2009). The politics of citizenship in Europe. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Huddleston, T. (2013). The naturalisation procedure: measuring the ordinary obstacles and opportunities for immigrants to become citizens. EUDO Citizenship Observatory (EUI RSCAS Policy Paper, 16). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1814/28122
Janoski, T. (2010). The ironies of citizenship: Naturalization and integration in industrialized countries. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Janoski, T. (2013). Micro- and macro-explanations of naturalization. In S. J. Gold & S. J. Nawyn (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of migration studies (pp. 380–395). London, New York: Routledge.
Joppke, C. (2010). Citizenship and immigration. Cambridge: Polity.
Kashiwazaki, C. (2000). Citizenship in Japan: Legal Practice and Contemporary Development. In T. A. Aleinikoff & D. B. Klusmeyer (Eds.), From migrants to citizens. Membership in a changing world (pp. 434–471). Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Ko, S. S. (Ed.). (1990). Nationality and international law in Asian perspective. Dordrecht, Boston, Norwell, MA, U.S.A.: M. Nijhoff.
Kostakopoulou, D. (2006). Thick, Thin and Thinner Patriotisms: Is This All There Is? Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 26(1), 73–106.
Lee, C. J. (2011). Jus Soli and Jus Sanguinis in the Colonies: The Interwar Politics of Race, Culture, and Multiracial Legal Status in British Africa. Law & History Review, 29(2), 497.
Lewis, M. W., & Wigen, K. E. (1997). The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Low, C. C. (2013). Taiwanese and German Citizenship Reforms: Integration of Immigrants without Challenging the Status Quo, 1990–2000. European Journal of East Asian Studies, 12(2), 269–294.
Refsing, K. (2003). In Japan, but not of Japan. In C. Mackerras (Ed.), Asia's transformations. Ethnicity in Asia (pp. 48–63). London, New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
Shachar, A. (2000). Citizenship and Membership in the Israeli Polity. In T. A. Aleinikoff & D. B. Klusmeyer (Eds.), From migrants to citizens. Membership in a changing world (pp. 386–433). Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Sievers, W. (2009). ‘A call to kinship’? Citizenship and migration in the new Member States and the accession countries of the EU. In R. Bauböck, B. Perchinig, & W. Sievers (Eds.), IMISCOE research. Citizenship policies in the New Europe (pp. 439–457). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Street, A. (2014). My Child Will Be a Citizen: Intergenerational Motives for Naturalization. World Politics, 66(2), 264–292.
Tai, E. (2009). Between assimilation and transnationalism: the debate on nationality acquisition among Koreans in Japan. Social Identities, 15(5), 609–629.
Tønnesson, S., & Antlöv, H. (Eds.). (1996). studies in Asian topics: Vol. 23. Asian forms of the nation. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press.
van Fossen, A. (2007). Citizenship for Sale: Passports of Convenience from Pacific Island Tax Havens. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 45(2), 138–163.
van Oers, R., Ersbøll, E., & Kostakopoulou, D. (2010). Mapping the Redefinition of Belonging in Europe. In R. van Oers, E. Ersbøll, & D. Kostakopoulou (Eds.), A Re-definition of Belonging? Language and integration tests in Europe (pp. 307–331). Leiden: Nijhoff.
van Waas, L. (2014). A Comparative Analysis of Nationality Laws in the MENA Region. SSRN Electronic Journal. Retrieved from http://ssrn.com/abstract=2493718.
Vink, M. P., & Bauböck, R. (2013). Citizenship configurations: Analysing the multiple purposes of citizenship regimes in Europe. Comparative European Politics, 11(5), 621–648.
Webb, A. K. (2015). Not an Immigrant Country? Non-Western Racism and the Duties of Global Citizenship. Theoria: A Journal of Social & Political Theory, 62(142), 1–25.
Weil, P. (2001). Access to citizenship: A comparison of twenty five nationality laws. In T. A. Aleinikoff & D. B. Klusmeyer (Eds.), International migration publications. Citizenship today. Global perspectives and practices (pp. 17–35). Washington, D.C: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Weil, P. (2012). From conditional to secured and sovereign: The new strategic link between the citizen and the nation-state in a globalized world. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 9(3-4), 615–635.
Weil, P. (2013). The sovereign citizen: Denaturalization and the origins of the American Republic. Philadelphia, Pa.: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press.
Wimmer, A., & Glick Schiller, N. (2003). Methodological Nationalism, the Social Sciences, and the Study of Migration: An Essay in Historical Epistemology. International Migration Review, 37(3), 576–610.
Yuval-Davis, N. (2011). The politics of belonging: Intersectional contestations. Los Angeles: SAGE.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.