Rethinking social remittances and the migration-development nexus from the perspective of time
AbstractThis article explores how the conceptualization, management, and measurement of time affect the migration-development nexus. We focus on how social remittances transform the meaning and worth of time, thereby changing how these ideas and practices are accepted and valued and recalibrating the relationship between migration and development. Our data reveal the need to pay closer attention to how migration’s impacts shift over time in response to its changing significance, rhythms, and horizons. How does migrants’ social influence affect and change the needs, values, and mind-frames of non-migrants? How do the ways in which social remittances are constructed, perceived, and accepted change over time for their senders and receivers?
Boyarin, J. (1994). “Space, time, and the politics of memory” In: J. Boyarin (ed.) Remapping Memory: The Politics of Time-Space, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1-37.
Castles, S. and Delgado Wise, R. (eds.) (2008). Migration and Development: Perspectives from the South. Geneva: International Organization on Migration (IOM).
Cwerner, S. (2001). “The times of migration”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 27(1): 7-36.
Dannecker P. (2009). “Migrant visions of development: a gendered approach”. Population, Space and Place, 15: 119–132.
De Haas, H. (2008). Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective. International Migration Institute Working Paper No. 9, Oxford: James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford.
Delgado Wise, R. and Márquez Covarrubias, H. (2010). “Understanding the relationship between migration and development: Toward a new theoretical approach”. In N. Glick Schiller, and T. Faist (eds.) Migration, Development, and Transnationalization, Oxford: Berghan Books.
Elchardus, M., Glorieux, I. and Scheys, M. (1987). “Temps, culture et coexistence”. Studi Emigrazione, 24(86): 138-54.
Gasparini, G. (1994). “Les cadres temporelles des sociétés post-industrielles”. Social Science Information/Information sur les Sciences Sociales, 33(3): 405- 25.
Glick Schiller, N. and Faist, T. (eds.) (2010). Migration, Development, and Transnationalization. Oxford: Berghan Books.
Goldring, L. (2004). “Family and collective remittances to Mexico: A multi-dimensional typology”. Development and Change, 35: 799–840.
Helliwell, C. and Hindess, B. (2005). “The temporalizing of difference”. Ethnicities, 5: 414–418.
International Organization on Migration (IOM) (2011). Facts & Figures. Available at: http://www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/about-migration/facts-and-figures/lang/en (accessed 22 December 2011).
Levine, R. (1997). A Geography of Time. New York: Basic Books.
Levitt, P. (2001). The Transnational Villagers. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Levitt, P. (2007). God Needs No Passport. New York: The New Press.
Levitt, P. (2012). “What’s wrong with migration studies?: A critique and way for-ward.” Identities, forthcoming.
Levitt, P. and Lamba-Nieves, D. (2011). “Social Remittances Revisited”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 37(1): 1-22.
Mazzucato, V. (2011). “Reverse remittances in the migration–development nexus: Two-way flows between Ghana and the Netherlands”, Population, Space and Place, 17(5): 454-468.
Merton, R.K. (1984). “Socially expected durations: a case study of concept formation in sociology”. In: W.W. Powell, and R. Robbins (eds.) Conflict and Consensus: A Festschrift for Lewis A. Coser. New York: The Free Press, 262- 83.
Piore, M.J. (1979). Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Piper, N. (2009). “The complex interconnections of the migration and development nexus: A social Perspective”. Population, Space, and Place 15(2): 93-101.
Raghuram, P. (2009). “Which migration, what development?: Unsettling the edifice of migration and development”. Population, Space and Place 15(2): 103–117.
Rahman, M. (2009). “Temporary migration and changing family dynamics: Implica-tions for social development”. Population, Space and Place 15 (2): 159–172.
Roberts, B.R. (1995). “Socially expected durations and the economic adjustment of immigrants”. In: Portes, A. (ed.) The Economic Sociology of Immigration: Essays on Networks, Ethnicity, and Entrepeneurship. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 42-86.
Sorokin, P. (1964). Sociocultural Causality, Space, Time. New York: Russel & Russel.
Terrazas, A. (2011). Migration and Development: Policy Perspectives from the United States. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
Therborn, G. (2003). “Entangled modernities”. European Journal of Social Theory 6: 293–305.
Zerubavel, E. (1981). Hidden Rhythms. Schedules and Calendars in Social Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Terms and conditions associated with Transnational Press London Journals Transfer of Copyright Agreement
Copyright to the unpublished and original article submitted by the author(s), the abstract forming part thereof, and any subsequent errata (collectively, the “Article”) is hereby transferred to the Transnational Press London (TPL) for the full term thereof throughout the world, subject to the Author Rights (as hereinafter defined) and to acceptance of the Article for publication in a journal of TPL. This transfer of copyright includes all material to be published as part of the Article (in any medium), including but not limited to tables, figures, graphs, movies, other multimedia files, and all supplemental materials. TPL shall have the right to register copyright to the Article in its name as claimant, whether separately or as part of the journal issue or other medium in which the Article is included.
The author(s) shall have the following rights (the “Author Rights”):
- All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
- The nonexclusive right, after publication by TPL, to give permission to third parties to republish print versions of the Article or a translation thereof, or excerpts therefrom, without obtaining permission from TPL, provided the TPL-prepared version is not used for this purpose, the Article is not republished in another journal, and the third party does not charge a fee. If the TPL version is used, or the third party republishes in a publication or product charging a fee for use, permission from TPL must be obtained.
- The right to use all or part of the Article, including the TPL-prepared version without revision or modification, on the author(s)’ web home page or employer’s website and to make copies of all or part of the Article, including the TPL-prepared version without revision or modification, for the author(s)’ and/or the employer’s use for educational or research purposes.
- The right to post and update the Article on free-access e-print servers as long as files prepared and/or formatted by TPL or its vendors are not used for that purpose. Any such posting made or updated after acceptance of the Article for publication shall include a link to the online abstract in the TPL journal or to the entry page of the journal. If the author wishes the TPL-prepared version to be used for an online posting other than on the author(s)’ or employer’s website, TPL permission is required; if permission is granted, TPL will provide the Article as it was published in the journal, and use will be subject to TPL terms and conditions.
- The right to make, and hold copyright in, works derived from the Article, as long as all of the following conditions are met: (a) at least one author of the derived work is an author of the Article; (b) the derived work includes at least ten (10) percent of new material not covered by TPL’s copyright in the Article; and (c) the derived work includes no more than fifty (50) percent of the text (including equations) of the Article. If these conditions are met, copyright in the derived work rests with the authors of that work, and TPL (and its successors and assigns) will make no claim on that copyright. If these conditions are not met, explicit TPL permission must be obtained. Nothing in this Section shall prevent TPL (and its successors and assigns) from exercising its rights in the Article.
All copies of part or all of the Article made under any of the Author Rights shall include the appropriate bibliographic citation and notice of the TPL copyright.
By submitting a paper to the TPL journal, authors agree to this Agreement, and represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere in any form, except as provided herein. The submitting author(s) also represent and warrant that they have the full power to enter into this Agreement and to make the grants contained herein.