Healthcare: The case of Japan

Jun Inoue

Abstract


Japan requires all of the healthcare practitioners to be qualified by national examinations and to be fluent in Japanese. Consequently, the number of immigrant workers remains very low, although Japan is faced with staff shortage. Even under the special bilateral arrangement that allows nurses and certified care workers from Indonesia and Philippines to practice temporally, there are very few who passed the Japan’s national examination: it is difficult for them to read technical terms written in Japanese, especially written in Chinese characters (Kanji). In care subsector, where wage is lower than physicians and nurses and qualifications/licenses are not necessarily required, the number of employed foreign-born residents is rapidly increased. Some local governments have started to support them to complete language and care-work courses. These facts show that language support is necessary if Japan considers that matching local staff demands is important for competitiveness. If Japan considers that development of inbound and outbound business leads to competitiveness, it is necessary for Japan to introduce systematic efforts to bring up foreign-born staffs, but language fluency requirement is not necessary in accepting foreign-born workers.


Keywords


Aging population; staff shortage; inbound and outbound businesses; Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA); language support

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cabinet Office (2010). (In Japanese) Shin-seityou sennryaku ni tsuite (About a new growth strategy), Tokyo.

CWF (Care Work Foundation) (2008). (In Japanese) Kaigoshisetsu no Koyoukanri to Roudousyaishiki (Employment-management and Attitude of Labour in Care Facilities), Tokyo.

CWF (Care Work Foundation) (2011). (In Japanese) Kaigoroudou no Genjou I (Status Quo of Care Works), Tokyo.

Inoue, J. (2010). Migration of Nurses in the EU, the UK, and Japan: Regulatory Bodies and Push-Pull Factors in the International Mobility of Skilled Practitioners, Discussion Paper Series A No.526, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

Inoue, J. (2011). (In Japanese) “Regulatory Framework of Migration of Nurses in Japan: Comparing with the Cases in the EU and the UK,” Journal of Health Care and Society 21:1 (Tokyo: The Health Care Science Institution), pp.85-96.

MHLW (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) (2000). Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists, Tokyo.

MHLW (2002). Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists, Tokyo.

MHLW (2004). Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists, Tokyo.

MHLW (2005). Survey on Employment Trends, Tokyo.

MHLW (2006a). Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report, Tokyo.

MHLW (2006b). Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists, Tokyo.

MHLW (2007). Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report, Tokyo.

MHLW (2008a). Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report, Tokyo.

MHLW (2008b). Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists, Tokyo.

MHLW (2009a). Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report, Tokyo.

MHLW (2009b). Survey on No-doctor Districts, Tokyo.MHLW (2010a).

MHLW (2010a). Basic Survey on Wage Structure, Tokyo.

MHLW (2010b). Report on Public Health Administration and Services, Tokyo.

MHLW (2010c). Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists, Tokyo.

MHLW (2010d). Survey on Employment Trends, Tokyo.

MHLW (2011). Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report, Tokyo.

NIPSSR (National Institute of Population and Social Security Research) (2012). Population Projection for Japan, Tokyo: National Institute of Population and Social Security Research.

Nimonjiya, O. (2008). (In Japanese) “Betonamujin kangoshi yousei sien jigyou kara miete-kuru gaikokujinn seisaku no kadai”. In: Japan Economic Research Insti-tute ed.,Gaikokujinnroudousya ukeire seisaku no kadai to houkou (Japan Economic Research Institute), pp. 145-154.

OECD (2011). OECD Health Data 2011, Paris. Available at http://www.oecd.org/ health/healthdata. Accessed: February 14, 2012.

SSD (Statistical Survey Department, Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications) (2010). Annual reports on the labour force survey, Tokyo. Available at http://www.e-stat.go.jp/SG1/estat/GL38020101.do?_ toGL38020101_&tstatCode=000000110001t/GL38020101.do?_toGL38020101_&tstatCode=000000110001. Accessed: January 20, 2012.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.