Memory, nostalgia and the creation of “home”: a returnee woman’s journey
Migrants return “home” for various reasons that may not be necessarily linked to economic factors but rather to notions of identity and belongingness – “home is where the heart is” as that popular adage states. But when the “home” was once ravaged by war and conflict, how does one’s memory of years past define a returnee’s identity, when he/she returns at an advanced age? This paper looks at how older women migrants create their notions of “home” in relation to memory and nostalgia, as well as gender, by looking at a particular case of an elderly woman who returned to her place of birth, after spending several decades in her husband’s country.
Amemiya, K. (2006). “Four Governments and a New Land: Emigration to Bolivia”. In: N. Adachi (ed.) Japanese Diasporas: Unsung Pasts, Conflicting Presents, and Uncertain Futures. London: Routledge.
Brah, A. (1996). Cartographies of Diaspora: Contesting Identities. London: Routledge.
Maehara, Y. (2001). Negotiating Multiple Ethnic Identities: The Case of Okinawan Women in the Philippines. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of the Philippines, Quezon City.
McDowell, L. (2004). “Cultural Memory, Gender and Age: Young Latvian Women’s Narrative Memories of War-time Europe, 1944–1947”. Journal of Historical Geography, 30: 701-728.
Morris, K. (1995). “German-Jewish Women in Brazil: Autobiography as Cultural History”. In: S. Quack (ed.) Between Sorrow and Strength: Women Refugees of the Nazi Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nakano Glenn, E. (1986). Issei, Nisei, War Bride: Three Generations of Japanese American Women in Domestic Service. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Ohno, S. (1991). Hapon: Firipin Nikkeijin no Nagai Sengo. Tokyo: Daisan Shokan.
Sellek, Y. (2003). “Migration and the Nation-State: Structural Explanations for Emigration from Okinawa”. In: G. D. Hook and R. Siddle (eds.) Japan and Okinawa: Structure and Subjectivity. London: Routledge.
Sugii, M. (2009). “Beigun Touchika Okinawa ni okeru Firipin-jin e no Manazashi: Sengo 12-nen kan no shinbun kiji wo moto ni”. Okinawa Kenkyuu Nooto, (18): 41-59.
Suzuki, N. and Tamaki, S. (1996). “Okinawa no Firipinjin: Teijuusha toshite mata Gaikokujin Roudousha toshite”. Ryukyu Hougaku, (57): 88-61.
Tobaru, T. A. (1998). Ethnic and National Filipinos in Okinawa: A Descriptive Study of Their Way of Life and Patterns of Cultural Adaptation. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of the Philippines, Quezon City.
Tsuda, T. (2003). Strangers in the Ethnic Homeland: Japanese Brazilian Return Migration in Transnational Perspective. New York: Columbia University Press.
United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyus (USCAR) labour cards.
Urry, J. (2000). Sociology beyond Societies: Mobilities for the Twenty-First Century. London: Routledge.
Yoshida, K. (2001). Democracy Betrayed: Okinawa under U.S. Occupation. Bellingham: Centre for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University.
Yoshida, K. (2007). “Gunji Shokuminchi” Okinawa: Nihon Hondo to no “Ondosa” no Shoutai. Tokyo: Koubunken.
Zulueta, J. (2014). “Kodomotachi no Tame (For the Sake of the Children): Elderly Women’s Return Migration to Okinawa”. International Journal of Okinawan Studies, 5: 33-49.
Zulueta, J. (2016). “When Death Becomes Her Question: Death, Identity, and Perceptions of Home among Okinawan Return Migrants”. Mortality, 21 (1): 52-70.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2003-2016 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.