Transnasyonal mobilite ve çatışma - Transnational mobility and conflict

Ibrahim Sirkeci


In this paper, I discuss transnational mobility using a perspective that emphasises conflicts at macro, mezzo and micro levels while seeking ways in which such a conflict model of migration can be devel-oped. I outline areas involving different degrees of conflict which are better seen on a continuous scale ranging from potential and latent tensions to violent conflicts and wars. Conflict aspects contribute to the dynamic nature of transnational human movements and, at the same time, appear to be antithet-ical to globalisation. The tensions/conflicts at individual, household, community, and state levels are not isolated from each other but inter-connect different levels. Within this conflict conceptualisation, transnational mobility appears as a move from human insecurity to human security


Bu makalede, makro, mezzo ve mikro düzeyde çatışmalara vurgu yapan bir perspektifle transnasyonal mobiliteyi (ulusötesi hareketlilik) tartışarak çatışma bazlı bir göç kuramı geliştirmenin olasılığını araştırıyorum. Potansiyel ve gizli gerilimlerden şiddet içeren çatışmalara ve savaşlara uzanan bir yelpazede daha rahat görebileceğimiz çeşitli derecelerde çatışmaları gösteriyorum. Çatışma, transnayonal insan hareketliliğinin dinamik doğasına katkıda bulunan bir öğe-dir. Bireysel, hanehalkları, toplum ve devletler düzeyinde gerilimler ve/veya ça-tışmalar birbirinden tamamen kopuk değil ve aksine farklı düzeyler arasında ilişki kurarlar. Böyle bir çatışma kuramsallaştırmasında, transnasyonal mobilite insani güvensizlik ortamından insani güvenlik ortamına göç etme olarak ortaya çıkmaktadır.


Transnasyonal mobilite; ulusötesi hareketlilik; çatışmainsani güvensizlik; göç kuramı; transnational mobility; conflict; human insecurity; migration theory

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