Challenges to immigrant associations and NGOs in contemporary Greece
The paper explores the challenges faced today, in a context of severe economic crisis, by immigrant associations (ΙΜΑs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Greece. The data analysed here was collected between October 2009 and February 2010 and incorporates references to all recorded migration-related social actors operating in Greece. The paper takes into account such indicators as legal form, objectives, financial capacity and geographical range of activity, concluding with a typology of civil society actors dealing with migration issues. This study aims at informing the migration policymaking and migrant integration processes. By a spatial hot-spot clustering of IMAs and NGOs, we also illustrate the concentration patterns of civil society actors in Greece.
Arbaci, S. and Malheiros, J. (2010). “De-Segregation, Peripheralisation and the Social Exclusion of Immigrants: Southern European Cities in the 1990s”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(2): 227-255.
Caponio, T. (2005). “Policy Networks and Immigrants' Associations in Italy: The Case of Milan, Bologna and Naples”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(5): 931-950.
Caselli, M. (2009). “Integration, Participation, Identity: Immigrant Associations in the Province of Milan”. International Migration, 48(2): 58-78.
Cavoulakos, K.I. (2006). Migrant organisations: Forms of vindicating rights. Paper presented in IMEPO Conference (in Greek).
Cavounidis, J. (2004). “Migration to Greece from the Balkans”. South Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, 2: 35-59.
Danese, G. (2001). “Participation beyond Citizenship: Migrants' Associations in Italy and Spain”. Patterns of Prejudice, 35(1): 69-89.
de Montclos, M-A. P. (2007). Humanitarian NGOs and the Migration Policies of States: A Financial and Strategic Analysis, in M. Korinman and J. Laughland (eds.), The Long Marsh to the West, London, Vallentine Mitchell Academic, 56-65.
Eurostat (2012). Nearly two-thirds of the foreigners living in EU Member States are citizens of countries outside the EU-27, Statistics in Focus 31/2012.
Fennema, M. (2004). “The concept and measurement of ethnic community”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30(3): 429-447.
Fonseca, M.L., Caldeira, M.J. and Esteves, A. (2002). “New forms of migration into the European South: Challenges for Citizenship and Governance - The Portuguese Case”. International Journal of Population Geography, 8: 135-152.
Gavalas, V.S. and Simpson, L. (2007). “Segregation of ethnic minorities in two Dis-tricts of Greater Manchester”. Genus, 63(1/2): 119-148.
Getis, A. and Ord, J.K. (1992). “The analysis of spatial association by use of distance statistics”. Geographical Analysis, 4: 189-206.
Gropas, R. and Triantafyllidou, A. (2005). Active Civic Participation of Immigrants in Greece, Country Report prepared for the EU research project POLITIS. Re-trieved from http://www.uni-oldenburg.de/politis-europe.
Jacobs, D. and Tillie, J. (2004). “Introduction: Social capital and political integration of migrants'”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30(3): 419-427.
Kasimis C. and Papadopoulos A.G. (2005). “The Multifunctional Role of Migrants in Greek Countryside: Implications for Rural Economy and Society”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(1): 99-127.
Labrianidis, L. and Lyberaki, A. (2001). Albanian immigrants in Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki: Paratiritis (in Greek).
Maloutas T. (2007). “Segregation, social polarisation and immigration in Athens during the 1990s: Theoretical expectations and contextual difference”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 31(4): 733-758.
Ministry of Citizen Protection (2012). Data on apprehensions 2006 to 2012. Retrieved from http://www.astynomia.gr/.
Ministry of Interior (2010). Residence permits of TCNs (unpublished data) (in Greek).
MIPEX (2011). Migrant Integration Policy Index III, British Council and Migration Policy Group.
Morales, L. and Ramiro, L. (2011). “Gaining political capital through social capital: Policy-making inclusion and network embeddedness of migrants' association in Spain”. Mobilization: An International Journal, 16(2): 147-164.
Moya J.C. (2005). “Immigrants and Associations: A Global and Historical Perspec-tive”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(5): 833-864.
Musterd S. (2003). “Segregation and integration: A contested relationship”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 29(4): 623-641.
Musterd S. and van Kempen R. (2009). “Segregation and Housing of Minority Ethnic Groups in Western European Cities”. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 100(4): 559-556.
Odmalm, P. (2005). Migration policies and political participation: Inclusion or Intrusion in Western Europe? Basingstoke, Palgrave.
Ord, J.K. and Getis, A. (1995). “Local Spatial Autocorrelation Statistics: Distributional Issues and an Application”. Geographical Analysis, 27: 286-306.
Papadopoulos A.G. (2009). ‘“Begin from the bottom to move on”: Social Mobility of Immigrant Labour in Rural Greece’. Méditerranée, revue géographique des pays méditerranéens, 113 (3/4): 25-39.
Papadopoulos, A.G. (2011). “Migration and Security Threats in Southeastern Eu-rope”. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 11(4): 451-469.
Petronoti, M. (2001). Εthnic Mobilisation in Athens: Steps and Initiatives Towards Integration, in A. Rogers and J. Tillie (eds), Multicultural Policies and Modes of Citizenship in European Cities, Ashgate, Aldershot, 41-60
Pero, D. (2007). “Migrants and the Politics of Governance. The Case of Barcelona”. Social Anthropology, 15(3): 271-286.
Pero, D. and Solomos, J. (2010). “Migrant politics and mobilisation: Exclusion, engagements, incorporation”. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 33(1): 1-18.
Pilati, K. (2010). “Civic and Political Participation by Immigrant Associations in Italy. The Case Study of Milan”. Revista Migracoes, 6: 145-159.
Pojmann, W. (2007). “Organizing Women Migrants: The Filipino and Cape Verdean Women's Associations in Rome”. Migration Letters, 4(1): 29-39.
Sardinha J. (2009). Immigrant Associations, Integration and Identity: Angolan, Brazilian and Eastern European Communities in Portugal, Amsterdam: IMISCOE.
Schrover M. and Vermeulen F. (2005). “Immigrant Organisations”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(5): 823-832.
Schumbert, L. (2005). Migrant organisations in Greece: Self-assistance or pressure groups? Athens, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (in Greek).
Sharry, F. (2000). “NGOs and the Future of the Migration Debate”. Journal of International Migration and Integration”. 1(1): 121-130.
Sokal, R.R. and Thomson, B.A. (2006). “Population structure inferred by local spatial autocorrelation: An example from an Amerindian tribal population”. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 129(1): 121-131.
Soysal, Y. (1994). Limits of citizenship: migrants and post-national membership in Europe, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.
Tsimbos, C. (2008). “Net migration estimates for Greece by age, sex and citizenship, 1991-2001”. Migration Letters, 5(2): 189-202.
Varouxi, E. (2008). “Immigration policy and Public administration: A Human Rights approach of social actors and organisations of civil society”. Working Papers 2008/17, National Center for Social Research, Athens (in Greek).
Zachou, C. and Kalerante, E. (2009). Albanian civil associations in Greece: Ethnic identification and cultural transformations, in M. Pavlou and A. Skoulariki (eds), Migrants and Minorities: Politics and Discourse, Athens, Vivliorama, pp. 457-493 (in Greek).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2003-2018 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us
TRANSNATIONAL PRESS LONDON LTD. IS A COMPANY REGISTERED IN ENGLAND AND WALES No. 8771684.