Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Social and political dimension of stigmatization: The development of Natasha and Maria images for immigrants in Istanbul

Bayram Unal


This study aims at understanding how the perceptions about migrants have been created and transferred into daily life as a stigmatization by means of public perception, media and state law implementations.  The focus would be briefly what kind of consequences these perceptions and stigmatization might lead. First section will examine the background of migration to Turkey briefly and make a summary of migration towards Turkey by 90s. Second section will briefly evaluate the preferential legal framework, which constitutes the base for official discourse differentiating the migrants and implementations of security forces that can be described as discriminatory. The third section deals with the impact of perceptions influential in both formation and reproduction of inclusive and exclusive practices towards migrant women. Additionally, impact of public perception in classifying the migrants and migratory processes would be dealt in this section.


Gagauz; women migration; Natasha; Maria; public perception

Full Text:



Aksoy, A. (1996). Küresellesme ve Istanbul'da Istihdam. [Globalization and Employment in Istanbul]. Istanbul: Friedrich Ebert Vakfi.

Bergvall, V. L. (1999). Toward a Comprehensive Theory of Language and Gender. Language in Society, 28 (2), 273-293.

Erder, S. (1999). Where Do You Hail From? In C. Keyder (Ed.), Istanbul Between the Global and the Local (pp. 161-173). New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Erder, S. (2000). Uluslararasi Gocte Yeni Egilimler: Turkiye Goc alan Ulkemi? In F. Atacan, F. Ercan, H. Kurtulus & M. Turkay (Eds.), Mubeccel Kiray Icin Yazilar (pp. 235-261). Ankara: Baglam Yayinevi.

Gulcur, L., & Ilkkaracan, P. (2002). The "Natasha" Experience: Migrant Sex Workers From the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in Turkey. Women's Studies International Forum, 25 (4), 411-421.

Holstein , J. A. (2009). Defining Deviance: John Kitsuse's Modest Agenda. The American Sociologist, 40 (1/2), 51-60.

Icduygu, A. (2000). The Politics of International Migratory Regimes: Transit Migration Flows in Turkey. International Social Science Journal, 52 (165), 357-367.

Keyder, C. (Ed.). (1999). Istanbul:Between the Global and the Local. MaryLand: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. INC.

Nazpary, J. (2002). Post-Soviet Chaos. London: Pluto Press.

Ozyegin, G. (2001). Untidy Gender: Domestic Service in Turkey. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Sassen, S. (2001). The global city : New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Scimecca, J. A. (1977). Labeling Theory and Personal Construct Theory: Toward the Measurement of Individual Variation. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 68 (4), 652-659.

Unal, B. (2004). The New Patterns and The State: Construction of Illegality for Immigrants in Istanbul. In M. Martinelli (Ed.), Migration Between States and Markets. New York: Ashgate.

Unal, B. (2008). Ethnic Division Of Labor: The Moldovan Migrant Women In In-House Services In Istanbul. Dissertation. Sociology Department. Binghamton University. Binghamton.

Unal, B. (2011). Sustainable Illegality: Gagauz Women in Istanbul. Migration Letters, 8 (1), 8.

United States. Immigration and Naturalization Service., & USINS Immigration Officer Academy. (1995). Pocket field guide (Rev. 4-95. ed.). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Justice Immigration and Naturalization Service.

Whitehead, E., Carlisle, C., Watkins, C., & Meason, T. (2005). Historical Developments. In E. Whitehead, C. Carlisle, C. Watkins & T. Meason (Eds.), Stigma and Social Exclusion in Healthcare. London and New York: Routledge

Yükseker, D. H. (2003). Laleli Moskova Mekigi: Kayıtdışı Ticaret ve Cinsiyet İlişkileri. İstanbul: İletişim.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Transnational Press London

Copyright © 2003-2018 Migration Letters / Transnational Press London | All rights reserved | Contact Us